Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options
CDC Home


man with tattooed back

Read-up on Industry-Specific Issues

The following provides more information about risks associated with bloodborne pathogen exposures in the body art industry.

Post Cards

Post cards providing simple ways to reduce bloodborne pathogen exposures in the body art industry were mailed to tattoo and body piercing shops across the United States. Please feel free to download a copy.

Web Links

Body Art Professional Organizations
OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standards
Bloodborne Viruses and Vaccine Information
Needlesticks and Sharps Disposal
Gloves and Hand Washing

Health Hazard Evaluations

Scientific Journal Articles

  • Lehman E, Huy J, Levy E, Viet S, Mobley A, McCleery T [2010]. Bloodborne pathogen risk reduction activities in the body piercing and tattooing industry. American Journal of Infection Control.
  • Huy J, Ross C, Boudreau A, Weber A [2002]. Occupational bloodborne pathogen exposures among community workers. Clinical Occupational Environmental Medicine 2: 537-556.
  • Oberdorfer A, Wiggers J, Bowman J, Burrows S, Cockburn J, Considine R [2003]. Monitoring and educational feedback to improve the compliance of tattooists and body piercers with infection control standards: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Infection Control 32 (3): 147-154.
  • Hellard M, Campbell A, Mackintosh A, Ridge A, Bowden S [2003]. Investigation of infection control practices and knowledge of hepatitis C among body piercing practitioners. American Journal of Infection Control 31 (4): 215-220.
  • Raymond M, Halcon L, Pirie P [2003]. Regulation of tattooing in Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota: Tattooists’ attitudes and relationship between regulation and practice. Public Health Reports 18: 154-161.
  • Raymond M, Pirie P, Halcon L [2001]. Infection Control among professional tattooists in Minneapolis and St. Paul, MN. Public Health Reports 116:249-256.

Other Topics Related to the Body Art Industry

Contact Us:
  • Page last reviewed: September 25, 2013
  • Page last updated: September 25, 2013 The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC-INFO