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Proportionate Mortality for Cancer by Industry for Manufacturing Sector

PMR Summary Table

  Industry
MANUFACTURING SECTOR Food Mfg. Lumber Wood Products Printing Chemical Mfg. Rubber/Plastics Mfg. Furniture Fixtures Mfg Stone, Clay, Glass, Concrete Mfg. Primary Metal Industries Foundries Mfg Fabricated Metal Products Mfg Machinery Mfg Electronic Computing Equipment Mfg Transportation Equipment Mfg.
Cause of Death 101 97 99 105 107 103 97 99 101 101 104 113 102
All Cancer
Oral Cavity Pharynx 101 100 121 99 93 128 105 109 108 111 100 56 117
Esophagus 111 98 87 106 119 108 124 130 110 132 122 116 124
Stomach 107 124 95 101 139 83 125 103 128 101 101 59 109
Intestine and Rectum 100 99 85 112 105 104 95 103 103 105 100 102 92
Liver and Intra-Hepatic Bile Ducts 97 88 75 100 101 92 87 86 92 106 91 137 102
Pancreas 95 91 108 85 109 92 81 82 100 92 94 109 95
Nasal Cavities 108 109 173 247 104 254 0 156 112 86 79 0 93
Larynx 112 116 158 85 117 98 155 123 119 95 94 53 131
Retro-Peritoneum, Peritoneum Pleura 84 136 224 138 64 107 117 33 55 0 101 160 90
Mesothelioma 136 84 98 62 310 183 120 180 176 165 111 111 144
Malignant Melanoma 93 77 114 124 121 57 77 85 83 97 87 148 94
Breast 73 78 23 106 88 83 60 56 28 43 48 90 51
Prostate 112 102 156 101 123 111 114 106 148 125 133 170 132
Testis 118 55 86 42 161 113 0 219 151 113 217 376 152
Bladder 109 98 81 113 124 139 109 102 108 114 145 178 121
Kidney 106 100 116 112 109 80 125 106 115 118 109 67 118
Brain and Nervous System 98 85 104 111 114 112 106 100 82 84 119 204 97
Thyroid 88 56 59 184 123 56 93 100 141 100 44 90 50
Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma 100 90 96 116 101 120 75 81 92 84 121 124 110
Multiple Myeloma 101 104 84 84 102 85 75 122 114 94 110 117 96
Leukemia 102 100 92 92 112 115 112 90 112 113 111 135 101
All Non-Chronic Lymphoid Leukemia 102 104 93 92 111 93 109 88 107 106 113 137 102
Chronic Lymphoid Leukemia 102 88 89 92 116 175 119 92 123 131 106 127 98

(Click on headings to view detailed charts for industries.)

The cells show proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) for each cause of death by industries. The PMRs indicate whether mortality is high or low compared to the general population for the disease specified.

Suggested Citation : NIOSH (2012). National Occupational Mortality Surveillance (NOMS). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluation and Field Studies, Surveillance Branch. <Website address> Date accessed._________.

Suggested Citation : NIOSH (2012). National Occupational Mortality Surveillance (NOMS). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluation and Field Studies, Surveillance Branch. <Website address> Date accessed._________.

Source: For these charts, death certificates for decedents that died in one of the 23 U.S. states between 1999 and 2007 were the source of age (ages 18-90), race (black, white), gender, usual occupation and industry and cause of death. PMRs were calculated with all races and genders combined to evaluate the mortality patterns for 23 site-specific cancers and 17 cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, diabetes, and renal diseases for the larger industries in each of ten sectors: agriculture, forestry, fishing; mining; oil and gas; construction; manufacturing, wholesale & retail trade; transportation, warehousing & utilities; healthcare & social assistance; health care / social services; and services. If a PMR is greater than 100 in the chart, it is elevated; if less, it is said to be decreased. User may consult crosswalks for ICD10 and 2000 Census industry category codes (Chronic Disease and Industry Categories).

When the number of deaths is less than or equal to three, PMRs are displayed, but the number of deaths is indicated by a dash.

PMRs are computed when the data for the population at risk are not available and death rates cannot be computed. Thus the PMRs presented indicate whether the proportion of deaths due to a specific cause appears to be high or low for a particular industry compared to all industries. The 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were computed based on the Poisson distribution if the observed number of deaths was 1000 or less; otherwise, test-based CIs were computed based on the Mantel and Haenszel chi square test.

More information about methods and limitations, source description and listings of states, causes of death and industry codes and the authors' contact information may be found at the main page.

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