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hazard signs, worker avoiding falling box

Activities: NIOSH Funded Research Grants

NIOSH sponsors research and training through its extramural programs, which complement the Institute's intramural programs. More information is available from the NIOSH Office of Extramural Programs . Our Research Portfolio includes the following NIOSH funded research grants:

Selected Current Extramural Traumatic Injury Research Grants
Improving Dissemination of a Retail Workplace Violence Prevention Program

Evidence-based programs to reduce robbery risk have shown great success in retail settings. However, information on how to disseminate these programs to maximize uptake is unavailable, especially for small businesses. The purpose of this research is to build on an evidence-based “Crime Free Business” program being disseminated through police departments to retail businesses in three cities in California, Nevada, and Iowa. This research proposes to identify barriers to implementation and develop approaches to overcome barriers and increase use of effective strategies. This project is a critical next step to identify how evidence-based robbery and violence prevention strategies can be successfully disseminated to small businesses, which traditionally have limited or no access to occupational health and safety programs.

Project contact: Carri Casteel, PhD, MPH
Institution: University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill 
Project period:
09/01/2011 – 08/31/2013

The Role of Cognitive Development in Safe Tractor Operation: A Simulation Study

This project proposes to investigate the cognitive development skills necessary for safe tractor operations among youth. This study will be conducted using the National Advanced Driving Simulator. This simulator technology will afford the opportunity to gather empirical evidence to answer important questions that could not safely be answered using any other method. The results of this research will help generate a model of cognitive developmental factors relevant for safe tractor operation by youth that can be used and tested in future research, intervention development, and policy applications. The long-term goal of this research is to prevent youth tractor fatalities and injuries by providing objective, empirical evidence to assist parent, employers, and policy makers on appropriate age parameters for this hazardous agricultural job.

Project contact: Barbara L. Marlenga, RN, PhD
Institution: Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation 
Project period: 09/01/2011–08/31/2013

Effects of Obesity and Age on Fall Risk – Implications for Safety Guidelines

This laboratory study will investigate the effects of obesity and age on balance during occupationally-relevant tasks, i.e., lifting and carrying loads. Computer simulation and analysis will be used to compare two types of interventions which can be implemented to improve balance (i.e., strength training or weight loss). This research will contribute to the development of an emerging experimental framework (computer simulation) that can be used not only to evaluate new interventions and understand basic biomechanical and individual mechanisms contributing to falls, but also to investigate other factors contributing to occupational falls.

Project contact: Michael Madigan, PhD
Institution: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 
Project period: 09/01/2011-8/31/2014

Near-Miss Narratives from the Fire Service: A Bayesian Analysis

This study will analyze the narrative text fields in all National Fire Fighter Near-Miss Reporting System (NFFNMRS) reports submitted since the system was created in 2005. Such a system can potentially improve firefighter safety through primary prevention. This study addresses a major gap in firefighter safety knowledge, i.e., insufficient understanding of near-miss events, and may have a high impact on efforts to improve the occupational health and safety of firefighters.

Project contact: Jennifer Taylor, PhD, MPH
Institution: Drexel University
Project period: 09/01/2011–08/31/2013

Risk Factors for Crashes in a Retrospective Cohort Study of Commercial Truck Drivers

A retrospective cohort study design will be used to examine individual risk factors (such as age, co-morbid diseases, and body mass index) as well as occupational factors (e.g., miles driven, tenure with the company, road surface condition, and crash event) for both crash risk and fatal crash risk among this cohort. The proposal has high potential impact due to the large number of occupational fatalities annually which are related to commercial driver crashes.

Project contact: Matthew S. Thiese
Institution: University of Utah 
Project period:
09/01/2011 – 08/31/2014

Developing an Intervention to Reduce Workplace Violence in Healthcare Settings

The purpose of this project is to develop and pilot a violence prevention intervention for supervisory nurses and direct care providers in psychiatric hospital settings. To do this, the investigators will partner with hospital management, union, and employee stakeholders for a systems-oriented intervention including organization of work, organizational culture, and family and work outcomes. The study will provide evidence to challenge existing paradigms of workplace violence prevention and for improving direct care provider safety and health at work and at home.

Project Contact: Nanette Yragui
Institution: Washington State Department of Labor and Industries
Project period: 09/01/2011 – 8/31/2013