Activities: NIOSH Funded Research Grants
NIOSH sponsors research and training through its extramural programs, which complement the Institute's intramural programs. More information is available from the NIOSH Office of Extramural Programs.
Report of Respiratory Disease Research Program Extramural Funding
Intramural research and extramural research both are critical to the success of RDRP at NIOSH. The following information describes extramural research funded by NIOSH during the period 1994-2006.
Web links are provided to abstracts for individual funded research projects as posted on the National Institute of Health’s Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects (CRISP) web site (http://crisp.cit.nih.gov/).
Extramural funding by disease category (see also Figure 1).
From 1994-2006, fifty extramural projects were identified to be specific to Airways Diseases research. These Airways Diseases research projects received $28,891,356. Figure 2 shows the funding levels by year for extramural Airways Disease research.
=Figure 2: Extramural funding for Airways disease research by fiscal year 1996-2006
Extramural funding for Interstitial Lung Disease research was $6,752,282 distributed among 21 projects. Figure 3 shows the extramural funding levels of interstitial disease research (1996-2006).
Figure 3: Extramural funding for interstitial lung diseases research by fiscal year 1996-2006
Extramural funding for research into occupational respiratory malignancies was $12,947,428 to support 28 projects. Figure 4 shows the historical extramural funding support for malignancy support.
Figure 4: Extramural funding for Lung Malignancy disease research by fiscal year 1996-2006
Extramural funding of $3,769,410 supported 13 research projects related to respiratory infectious disease research. Figure 5 shows the RDRP level of extramural funding by year for all infectious disease research.
Figure 5: Extramural funding for Infectious lung disease research by fiscal year 1996-2006
|Infectious Disease Extramural Projects||Start||End|
|Experimental and theoretical study of early detection and isolation influenza||8/1/06||7/31/09|
|Worksite-associated vanadium and immunomodulation||5/1/93||4/30/96|
|Risk of infectious disease in prison based hcws||9/30/98||9/29/00|
|Innovative hcw training: infectious disease risk||9/30/01||9/29/03|
|Respirator efficacy versus tuberculosis aerosols||6/1/99||5/31/01|
|Evaluation of portable samplers for viable bioaerosols||9/1/04||8/31/07|
|Design/advanced electrostatic sampler for total bioaerosols||8/1/06||7/31/08|
|Ultraviolet lights in hvac systems--effect on health and||9/30/99||9/29/01|
|Prevention of ieq related absence--an intervention study||9/30/98||9/29/01|
|Testing interventions to human-generated occupational airborne infections||8/1/06||7/31/11|
|Exposure and risk assessment for infectious aerosols||6/1/96||6/30/99|
|Characteristics of respirators protecting against tb||2/1/95||1/31/98|
|Electrostatic sampling of airborne microorganisms||9/30/97||9/29/00|
Nanoparticles are still a relatively new area of research that started receiving extramural funding in 2001. To date, $2,720,740 in extramural funds has been allocated to 7 projects involved in nanoparticle research. Figure 6 shows the extramural funding by year to support respiratory disease-related nanotechnology research.
Figure 6: Extramural funding for Nanotechnology research by fiscal year 1996-2006
|Nanoparticle Extramural Projects||Start||End|
|Lung oxidative stress/inflammation by carbon nanotubes||7/10/05||6/30/09|
|Science to achieve results (star) program||8/1/06||7/31/09|
|Assessment methods for nanoparticles in the workplace||7/1/05||6/30/08|
|Monitor & characterize airborne carbon nanotube particles||8/1/05||7/31/08|
|New nanostructured sensor arrays for hydride detection||8/1/06||2/28/07|
|From nanoparticles to novel protective garments||9/1/04||5/15/05|
|On-board diagnostic sensor for respirator breakthrough||9/30/00||9/29/04|
This category accounts for research projects that do not exclusively fit into only one of the five RDRP categories described as strategic goal areas. We characterized 74 projects as cross-cutting, which received total extramural funding of $32,915,281. The 74 Cross-Cutting projects were further divided into five sub-categories identified as Engineering Controls, Exposure Assessment, Respiratory Protection, Surveillance and Other (Aerosols/Exposure-Sector/Substitution). Projects related to Surveillance, 22% ($7,283,745), Exposure Assessment, 23% ($7,589,854), and Other, 44% ($14,394,955) accounted for the bulk of total Cross-Cutting funding support..
Figure 7: Extramural funding for “Cross-Cutting” research by fiscal year 1996-2006
|Engineering Controls Cross-Cutting Projects||Start||End|
|Computational methods in industrial ventilation||9/30/95||9/29/98|
|Field validation of ventilation troubleshooting method||4/1/94||3/31/97|
|Enclosing hood effectiveness||8/1/06||7/31/09|
|Developing exposure control by material balance modeling||6/1/98||5/31/00|
|Factors that affect generation of coolant mists||9/30/95||9/29/97|
|Improving the work environment in livestock buildings||9/30/99||9/29/01|
|Microbiological characterization and mitigation of bioaerosols in cafos||9/15/06||9/14/10|
|Model development for the design of better mist filters||8/1/00||7/31/02|
|Transport modeling of industrial ventilation||9/30/93||9/29/96|
|Evaluation of voc exposures in ventilated rooms||9/30/00||9/29/03|
|Respiratory Protection Cross-Cutting Projects||Start||End|
|Respirator effects in impaired workers||7/15/05||7/14/10|
|Absorption of gas phase contaminants||8/3/05||7/31/08|
|Escape respirators for first responders||8/1/06||2/28/07|
|Respiratory protection against bioaerosol in agriculture||6/1/01||5/31/04|
|Statistical modeling of respirator penetration data||7/1/99||6/31/01|
|On-board diagnostic sensor for respirator breakthrough||9/30/00||6/30/01|
|System for measuring workplace protection factors||9/30/99||12/31/99|
|Lighter compact respirators for toxic vapor protection||9/30/92||3/31/96|
|Surveillance Cross-Cutting Projects||Start||End|
|Washington occupational surveillance program||7/1/05||6/30/10|
|Occupational safety and health surveillance in new york||7/1/05||6/30/10|
|Occupational safety and health surveillance in new york||7/1/06||6/30/10|
|California occupational safety and health surveillance||7/1/05||6/30/10|
|Enhanced program in occupational injury and illness sur*||7/1/05||6/30/10|
|Fundamental & expanded occupational health surveillance||7/1/05||6/30/10|
|Core surveillance of occupational health in new york||7/1/01||6/30/05|
|Occupational surveillance modules for prevention||7/1/01||6/30/05|
|Surveillance methods for health care and related workers||9/30/01||9/29/05|
|*Funding ended ($0 captured for FY06)|
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