PREVENTION THROUGH DESIGN
Input: Sector-Based Recommendations
During the first PtD Workshop held in Washington, DC on July 9 -11, 2007, 250 stakeholders provided their input into the most compelling PtD recommendations. Participants engaged in breakout sessions to identify industry-centered opportunities and barriers and to develop sector specific recommendations. Rapporteurs from the eight industrial sectors summarized the discussions of their breakout sessions and published their findings in the April 2008 edition of the Journal of Safety Research.
The most compelling sector-based PtD recommendations, documented in the Rapporteurs reports, are included below. Additional information can be found in each of the Rapporteurs reports:
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing Sector
- There is a need to get better designed tools into the hands of workers.
- Sharing information about PtD is essential.
- PtD practices and programs developed and implemented by large construction firms have not been widely adopted and implemented throughout the construction industry.
- Few PtD case studies have been developed and evaluated systematically.
- Successful PtD programs, checklists, best practices must be gathered, customized by type of construction and firm size, and shared.
Healthcare and Social Assistance Sector
- The concept of the interrelationship of patient safety, worker safety and environmental safety must be investigated and promoted.
- Healthcare management culture needs to integrate PtD into the healthcare system by aligning it with sustainability and patient safety.
- Healthcare workers must be included in design decisions.
- The scope of PtD should include retrofits.
- Successful PtD must be aligned with the hierarchy of controls.
- Health and safety professions should be skilled in communicating the financial value of PtD.
- Organizational culture changes to include PtD are needed.
- PtD approaches for small business will vary from those of large organizations.
- There is a need to share successful PtD practices.
- Include financial incentives to develop PtD programs.
- Improved surveillance to understand root causes of accidents, injuries and illnesses is needed.
- Incorporate PtD into mining textbooks.
- Worker input is critical in the design of work tasks and equipment.
- The Services Sector industries must work to standardize work processes so that PtD can be integrated into worker tasks.
- Services Sector workers work closely with the public; therefore, the public must support PtD.
Transportation, Warehousing, and Utilities Sector
- Workers must be involved in the initial planning and design process.
- Extensive collaboration is required to include PtD into associations, schools, companies, unions and the public sector.
- The financial benefits of PtD in lieu of retrofits must be demonstrated.
Wholesale and Retail Trade
- A “voluntary safety certification” should be considered for companies that adopt PtD and integrate PtD methods into their business processes.
- A mechanism for identifying and sharing best practices must be identified and implemented.
All of these compelling recommendations have been included in the PtD Plan for the National Initiative.
- National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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