Prevention through Design
NIOSH Prevention through Design Sector Strategic Goals
927ZAZA - Benchmarking Management Practices related to PtD in the U.S.Start Date: 1/1/2007
End Date: 12/1/2010
Principal Investigator (PI)Name: Elyce Biddle
Phone: (304) 285-5894
Sub-Unit: Division of Safety Research
Funded By: NIOSH
Primary Goals Addressed1.1.1 , 1.1.12 , 3.7.5
Secondary Goal AddressedNone
Attributed to Prevention through Design100%
Many Fortune 500 companies openly purport Prevention through Design concepts and have developed management practices to implement them. This project identifies management practices related to Prevention through Design in Fortune 500 companies in the United States. The findings from this project will be disseminated broadly outside and within the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
An abundance of literature has stated that investment in occupational safety, health, and environment is a sound business strategy, which can have a positive impact on an organization's bottom line. Similarly, literature has indicated that integrating safety, health and environmental considerations into the design and development of systems meant for human use prevents loss of life and minimizes destruction of health and property (NSC, 2007). However, little research has been conducted to determine the extent to which company policies stipulate that safety, health and environmental concerns are designed and built-in, rather than added after the job/product has been put into operation. Nor is there information regarding the extent to which the PtD policy or practice extends to the design, redesign and retrofit of new and existing work premises, structures, tools, facilities, equipment, machinery, products, substances, work processes and the organization of work. This project attempts to garner this information.
Objective is to determine the level of adoption of PtD concepts among a subset of Fortune 500 companies in the US through a survey conducted by ORC Worldwide. Specific aims include:
Results from this research will be presented to the participating ORC members. Case studies will be developed from those firms with "stories" of PtD implementation and success, which will be placed on the NIOSH website. The research findings will also be disseminated through presentations at industry conferences and the submittal of papers to academic journals and industry periodicals. The findings will also be incorporated into the thinking behind the addition of PtD principles and its rationalization to engineering textbooks, the evaluation and diffusion strategies of under-utilized engineering controls, and the justification for adding PtD into management systems and consensus standards.
Prevention through Design