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figure showing skeleton and musculature

Outputs: Publications

Recent NIOSH Publications

A list of select 2013-2015 NIOSH MSD publications

Select NIOSH Numbered Publications

Ergonomic Solutions for Retailers

DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2015-100 (October 2014)

Designed for retailers and safety experts, this NIOSH booklet has a goal to prevent manual material handling injuries in grocery stores. Manual material handling injuries, also called overexertion injuries, account for 60% of the injuries and lost work in select retail businesses. This 23-page booklet has 13 unique illustrations showing employees in a grocery store using various mechanical assist devices for material handling tasks. This booklet was inspired by a NIOSH/CalOSHA booklet, Ergonomic Guidelines for Manual Material Handling (2007-131). NIOSH produced this booklet because members of the NORA Wholesale and Retail Trade Sector recognized the need for informational materials showing interventions in work settings that were familiar to employers and employees.

Observation-based posture assessment: review of current practice and recommendations for improvement

DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2014-131 (July 2014)

This report describes an observational approach for assessing postural stress of the trunk and upper limbs that is intended to improve risk analysis for prevention of musculoskeletal disorders. Recent studies suggest that optimal posture analysis performance is obtained by partitioning trunk flexion range of motion into 4 categories of 30° increments; trunk lateral bend into 3 categories of 15° increments; shoulder flexion into 5 categories of 30°; shoulder abduction into 5 categories of 30°; and elbow flexion into 4 categories of 30°. Information in this report can assist health/safety, ergonomics, and risk management/loss control practitioners who conduct job/worksite assessments of lifting, pushing, pulling, carrying, and/or manual handling risk factors.

Simple Solutions for Home Building

DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2013-111 (June 2013)

Home building is physically demanding work and manual material handling may be the most difficult part of the job. Manual material handling includes all of the tasks that require you to lift, lower, push, pull, hold or carry materials. These activities increase the risk of painful strains and sprains and more serious soft tissue injuries. Soft tissues of the body include muscles, tendons, ligaments, discs, cartilage and nerves. Soft tissue injuries cause workers pain, suffering and lost income. They can also restrict non-work activity, like sports and hobbies. Builders’ and employers’ costs include loss of productivity and high workers’ compensation insurance premiums. Simple Solutions for Home Building Workers provides basic information about readily available work practices and equipment that can help both new and experienced workers, contractors and builders prevent serious manual material handling injuries.

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Search NIOSHTIC-2, a bibliographic database of occupational safety and health publications, documents, grant reports, and journal articles supported in whole or in part by NIOSH, or try one of these pre-generated search queries pertaining to MSDs.

Other Publications and Resources

Visit the NIOSH topic page on Musculoskeletal Disorders and Ergonomics for access to broad range of web-based information on musculoskeletal disorders.