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Outcomes

Outcomes are events, occurrences, or conditions that indicate progress in achieving the purpose of the program. Outcomes reflect the results of a program activity compared with its intended purpose; or, outcomes may answer the question "Will these resources result in success or contribute to the success of what we want to accomplish?"

Outcomes can be viewed from two different perspectives-ultimate and intermediate. For an occupational safety and health research program like the NIOSH Mining Program, ultimate outcomes are reductions in a particular type of worker injury or illness. Injuries and illnesses have complex causes, and any effect of program activities on rates can take years to be seen. Therefore, outcomes are often measured on an intermediate timeframe. Intermediate outcomes are necessary steps that lead to ultimate outcomes-for example, reductions in the risk of a particular type of injury or illness. For occupational safety and health research programs, achieving intermediate risk reductions is as important as achieving the ultimate outcome of decreasing injury and illness incidence rates.

This section describes the safety and health accomplishments over the past ten years for each strategic goal of the Mining Research Plan. The section begins with a list of the seven strategic goals and strategic program outcomes produced through implementation of the research results for each goal. Listed within each goal are intermediate outcomes that support the strategic program outcomes.

Strategic Goal 1 - Reduce respiratory diseases in miners by reducing health hazards in the workplace associated with coal worker pneumoconiosis, silicosis, and diesel emissions
  • Reducing Coal Dust Exposures Through Improved Monitoring and Control
    • Effective Dust Collection for Continuous Miners in Underground Mines with Flooded-Bed Scrubbers
    • Dust Control Handbook -Facilitates Transfer of Dust Control Technology for Mining
    • New Personal Dust Monitor -Empowers Miners to Reduce Their Dust Exposure
    • NIOSH Establishes the Ineffectiveness of Area Dust Sampling as a Measure of Worker Exposure
    • Reducing Miners' Dust Exposure Through the Use of Confining Sprays for Flooded-bed Scrubbers
  • Reducing Silica Exposures in Mining Through Improved Control Technologies
    • Compilation of Minerals Processing Publications Assists Industry with Implementing Effective Dust Control Technologies
    • Discovered Engineering Control Technologies to Reduce Drill Operator Dust Exposure
    • Design Improvements in Mobile Equipment Cabs to Reduce Dust Exposure
    • New Clothes-Cleaning Method -Reduces Worker Silica Exposure by Removing Dust from Worker's Clothing
  • Reducing Exposures to Diesel Emissions Through Improved Monitoring and Control
    • New Size-Selective Sampler for Diesel Particulate Matter Compliance Measurements
    • NIOSH Research Results in a Revised Final Rule on the Interim DPM Standard for Underground Metal/Nonmetal Mines
    • NIOSH Research Supports Diesel Rule Implementation
Strategic Goal 2 - Reduce noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in the mining industry
  • Preventing Noise-induced Hearing Loss
    • Motivating Prevention Behaviors with the NIOSH Hearing Loss Simulator
    • Noise Reduction of Roof Bolting Machines Using Wet and Mist Drilling
    • Reducing Noise on Continuous Mining Machines Using Coated Flight Bars
Strategic Goal 3 - Reduce repetitive/cumulative musculoskeletal injuries in mine workers
  • Preventing Musculoskeletal Disorders
    • Improved Seat Design for Low-Seam Shuttle Cars
    • Reducing Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Mining - Collaborations with Bridger Coal Company
Strategic Goal 4 - Reduce traumatic injuries in the mining workplace
  • Reducing Traumatic Injuries and Fatalities in Blasting
    • Development of Guidelines for Reducing the Probability of Carbon Monoxide Poisonings Associated With Trench Blasting
    • Development of Guidelines for the Safe Use of Waste Motor Oil in ANFO used in Blasting Operations at Mine Sites
    • Modification of a High-Explosive Booster to Improve Blasting Safety
    • Reduced Toxic Emissions of NO2 from Large-Scale Production Blasts at Surface Mines
  • Reducing Electrically Related Traumatic Injuries
    • Contact Warning Alarm System to Reduce Overhead Power Line Injuries
    • Electrical Safety Training to Reduce Overhead Power Line Injuries
    • MSHA High-voltage Longwall Mining Regulations
    • Proposed MSHA Regulation to Improve High-voltage Continuous Miner Electrical Safety
    • Research Guidelines Based on an Analysis of Occupational Electrical Injuries
    • Recommendations of Safe Limits for Using Lasers in Potentially Flammable Environments
  • Reducing Machine-related Traumatic Injuries
    • Crewstation Analysis Programs (CAP) that Reduce Injuries Due to Sub-Optimal Machine Illumination Systems
    • Guidance for Applying Proximity Warning Systems to Surface Mine Equipment to Protect Miners
    • The Creation of a Proximity Warning System for Reducing Injuries Pertaining to Mobile Mining Equipment
    • System Safety Best Practices to Reduce Injuries due to Malfunctioning Computerized Mining Systems
Strategic Goal 5 - Reduce the risk of mine disasters (fires, explosions, and inundations); and minimize the risk to, and enhance the effectiveness of, emergency responders
  • Preventing and Mitigating Mine Fires and Explosions
    • A Software Tool to Estimate the Required Ventilation Air Quantity for Mines Using Diesel Equipment
    • Analysis of Fires in the Mining Industry
    • Development and Evaluation of a Communication System for Mine Rescue Operations
    • Development and Testing of a Smart Sensor System to Detect Mine Fires
    • Development of a Fire Preparedness and Response Checklist for Mining Operations
    • Supported the Use of Electrically Powered Haulage for the Evacuation of Underground Mine Workers During Main Fan Stoppages
    • Directional Lifeline for Mine Evacuations to Help Miners Evacuate Mines in Emergencies
    • Flammability Hazard Assessment of Noise Control Materials in Operator Cabs
    • Forensic Investigations of Mine Fires and Explosions (1993-2005)
    • Improved Methane Sampling During Roof Bolting
    • Guidelines for Managing Methane Incidences in Underground Coal Mines
    • Optimizing the Spacing of Fire Sensors in Mine Entries
    • Protecting Coal Miners from Gob Explosions through Explosion-Resistant Mine Ventilation Seals (1993-2005)
    • Realistic Training for Mine Emergency Responders
    • Revised Standards for National Fire Protection Association (2002-2004)
    • Transfer of Test Procedures and Expertise of Explosions and Fires to Industry (1992-2005)
    • Guidelines for the Utilization of Large-Diameter Propeller Fans
    • Guidelines for Ventilating Large-Opening Stone Mines using Novel Ventilation Techniques
Strategic Goal 6 - Reduce ground failure fatalities and injuries in the mining industry
  • Reducing Fatalities and Injuries Due to Ground Failures
    • Characterizing Coal Seam Geology Using the Coal Mine Roof Rating System
    • Guiding principles for the Control of Horizontal Stress in Mining to Reduce Injuries and Fatalities
    • Design Guidelines for Safe Highwall Mining Systems
    • Guidelines for Coal Pillar Recovery
    • Mitigating Ground Fall Hazards in Underground Stone Mines
    • Endorse the Use of Mobile Roof Supports for Retreat Room-and-Pillar Mines
    • NIOSH Support Technology Optimization Program (STOP) Design Software
    • Procedures to Prevent Longwall Mining Tailgate Blockages
    • Procedures to Prevent Massive Coal Pillar Collapses
    • Reducing Rock Fall Injuries to Coal Miners
    • Rock Burst Control in Deep Metal Mines
Strategic Goal 7 - Determine the impact of changing mining conditions, new and emerging technologies, and the changing patterns of work on worker health and safety
  • Improved Training Materials and Methods to Prevent Injuries and Illnesses
    • Implementation of 3-D Hazard Recognition Training: A New Approach to Preventing Injuries Associated With Construction, Maintenance and Repair Activities
    • A Computer-based Training Simulation to Prevent Loss of Life During Mine Emergencies
    • Developed Interactive Problem Solving Stories: A New Approach to Preventing Miners' Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
    • Mine Training Videos
    • Western Train-the-Trainer (T3) Training Forum
  • Reducing the Hazards of Mining's Emerging Issues
    • Reducing Hazards through Better Communications
    • Reducing Heat Strain Health Hazards

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  • Page last reviewed: November 8, 2013
  • Page last updated: November 8, 2013
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