NIOSH Health Hazard Evaluations (HHE)
A Health Hazard Evaluation is a study of a workplace. It is done to learn whether workers are exposed to hazardous materials or harmful conditions, and to provide recommendations for protecting these workers. In-depth information on the evaluations and recommendations are available in HHE reports.
Recent HHE Report Examples:
- Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-2003-0016-2959, Owens-Illinois, Lapel, Indiana (monobutyltin trichloride (MBTC))
- Health hazard evaluation report, HETA 2001-0381-2932, Smurfit-Stone Container Corporation, Missoula, Montana(Skin Ailments)
- Health Hazard Evaluation Report, HETA-2000-0262-2833, Southern Supply & Manufacturing Company, Inc. St. Petersburg, Florida (Metalworking Fluids)
NIOSH Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program reports
The NIOSH Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program concentrates on investigations of fatal occupational injuries. The full text of hundreds of fatality investigation reports are available.
Recent FACE Report Examples:
- Mill hand dies when drill was thrown from shattered hardened steel tool extension and strikes him in chest
- Machinist crushed by a steel spool while working on a hydraulic lift table
- Paper mill maintenance employee dies after being pinned by the arm of a control mechanism in a roll wrap machine
Engineering Control Survey Reports
NIOSH conducts two types of Engineering Control Evaluation Surveys (Walk-through or preliminary or In-depth) as a part of research to reduce work related illnesses and injuries. The following Web site provides access to dozens of Engineering Control Evaluation reports.
Survey Report Examples:
- Comparison of Mist Generation Rates for an Experimental Metal Removal Fluid with a Baseline Fluid During Milling and Turning Operations
- In-Depth Survey Report: Styrene and Noise Exposures During Fiber Reinforced Plastic Boat Manufacturing
- In-Depth Survey Report: Control of Dust in a Textile Dyeing Transfer Operation
- In-Depth Survey Report: Control of Perchloroethylene (PCE) in Vapor Degreasing Operations
NIOSH Alerts briefly present new information about occupational illnesses, injuries, and deaths. Alerts urgently request assistance in preventing, solving, and controlling newly identified occupational hazards. The follow website provides access to dozens of NIOSH Alerts.
- NIOSH Alert: Preventing Lung Disease in Workers Who Use or Make Flavorings
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2004-110
This Alert describes health effects that may occur because of workplace exposure to some flavorings or their ingredients, gives examples of workplace settings in which illness has occurred, and recommends steps that companies and workers should take to prevent hazardous exposures.
- NIOSH Alert: Preventing Injuries and Deaths of Workers Who Operate or Work Near Forklifts
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2001-109
This Alert provides information concerning hazards and standards associated with the operation of forklifts. Recommendations for protecting workers from these hazards are also provided.
- NIOSH Alert: Preventing Worker Deaths from Uncontrolled Release of Electrical, Mechanical, and Other Types of Hazardous Energies
NIOSH Publication No. 99-110
This Alert provides information concerning hazards and standards associated with kinetic, potential, electrical, and thermal energy sources. Recommendations for protecting workers from these hazards are also provided.
Criteria Documents, Occupational Hazard Assessments, Special Hazard Reviews and Joint Occupational Health Documents
Criteria documents are developed to provide the basis for comprehensive occupational safety and health standards. These documents generally contain a critical review of the scientific and technical information available on the prevalence of hazards, the existence of safety and health risks, and the adequacy of methods to identify and control hazards. Recommendations for minimizing safety and health risks include medical monitoring, exposure assessment, worker training, control technology, personal protective equipment, and recordkeeping, as well as RELs where appropriate.
Special Hazard Reviews (SHRs) and Occupational Hazard Assessments (OHAs) are written to complement NIOSH recommendations for standards. These documents assess safety and health problems and recommend appropriate methods for control and monitoring.
Joint Occupational Health Documents (JOHDs) are developed with foreign government agencies. Memoranda of Understanding for such joint publications have been signed between NIOSH and the Swedish National Institute of Occupational Health (NIOH) as well as between NIOSH and the Nordic Expert Group for Documentation of Occupational Exposure Limits (NEG). One product of these agreements is the development of JOHDs in order to provide the scientific basis for establishing recommended occupational exposure limits.
- Criteria for a Recommended Standard: Occupational Exposure to Metalworking Fluids
DHHS (NIOSH) Pub. No. No. 98-102 (1998)
This criteria document reviews available information about the adverse health effects associated with occupational exposure to metalworking fluids (MWF's) and aerosols.
- Occupational Noise Exposure
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 98-126
This document also provides recommendations for the management of hearing loss prevention programs (HLPPs) for workers whose noise exposures equal or exceed 85 dBA. The recommendations include program evaluation, which was not articulated in the 1972 criteria document and is not included in the OSHA and MSHA standards.
- Rubber Products Manufacturing Industry
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 93-106
Excess deaths from bladder, stomach, lung, hematopoietic, and other cancers have occurred among workers involved in the manufacture of rubber products. These workers may also risk adverse respiratory effects, dermatologic effects, reproductive effects, injuries, and repetitive trauma disorders. The adverse health effects cannot be attributed to a single chemical or group of chemicals because workplace exposures vary greatly and chemical formulations change frequently. Epidemiologic, toxicologic, and industrial hygiene studies are needed to assess the risk of cancer and other adverse health effects for rubber products workers.
- Identifying High-Risk Small Business Industries-The Basis for Preventing Occupational Injury, Illness, and Fatality (SHR)
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 99-107
NIOSH has prepared this report to characterize the risk of occupational injury, illness, and fatality in industries composed mostly of small business establishments. Identifying these risks will provide essential information to practitioners in occupational safety and health, the small business community (owners, managers, and employees), labor officials, trade associations, insurers, product suppliers, local and State agencies, and others involved with small business.
Search All Publications and Products
NIOSHTIC-2 is a searchable bibliographic database of occupational safety and health publications, documents, grant reports, and journal articles supported in whole or in part by NIOSH. The links below provide the results of selected searches for several industry segments within the Manufacturing sector .
- Food and Beverage
- Textiles and Apparel
- Chemical, Petroleum, and Plastics
- Fabricated Metal Products and Machinery
- Computers, Electronic Products, Electrical Equipment, and Appliances
- Transportation Equipment
These searches can be refined further by users to better meet their particular needs.
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