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NIOSH Program Portfolio

 

Manufacturing

NORA Manufacturing Sector Strategic Goals

R219920 - 021H: Methods to Assess Personal Exposures to Airborne Metallic Nanoparticles (9920)

Start Date: 9/1/2010
End Date: 8/31/2012

Principal Investigator (PI)
Name: Viji Potula
Organization: NIOSH
Sub-Unit: Office of Extramural Projects
Funded By: NIOSH

Primary Goal Addressed
None

Secondary Goal Addressed
None


Attributed to Manufacturing
100%

Project Description

Short Summary

We will develop an innovative nanoparticle deposition (NPD) sampler to collect nanoparticles specifically (separate from the larger particles in workplace air) and in a manner that reflects their deposition in the respiratory tract (Aim 1). We will also develop and validate a method to analyze the content of metal in the nanoparticles collected with the NPD sampler (Aim 2). These sampling and analysis methods will be easily adaptable by industrial hygiene practitioners to provide the system needed to assess worker exposure to metal nanoparticles. They will also represent enabling tools to study potential epidemiological relationships among metallic nanoparticle exposures and adverse acute health effects.



Description

When inhaled, nanoparticles can elicit adverse cardiopulmonary health outcomes and their toxicity, particularly for metals and metal oxides, can be substantially greater than that of larger particles of the same composition. No standard measurement methods are available to quantitatively assess personal exposures to engineered nanoparticles, and without such methods, the extent to which workers are at risk from inhalation of nanoparticles is unknown. The laboratory work proposed in this research plan will standardize and validate measurement methods needed to quantify personal exposure to a range of metallic nanoparticles that are commonly incorporated into commercial products. We will develop an innovative nanoparticle deposition (NPD) sampler to collect nanoparticles specifically (separate from the larger particles in workplace air) and in a manner that reflects their deposition in the respiratory tract (Aim 1). We will also develop and validate a method to analyze the content of metal in the nanoparticles collected with the NPD sampler (Aim 2). These sampling and analysis methods will be easily adaptable by industrial hygiene practitioners to provide the system needed to assess worker exposure to metal nanoparticles. They will also represent enabling tools to study potential epidemiological relationships among metallic nanoparticle exposures and adverse acute health effects.



Mission Relevance

This work will result in methodologies to measure personal exposure to airborne metal and metal-oxide nanoparticles. As such it is applicable to assessing worker exposures to engineered nanomaterials in the burgeoning field of nanotechnology.



Page last updated: June 3, 2011
Page last reviewed: May 23, 2011
Content Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Office of the Director

 

NIOSH Program:

Manufacturing