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NIOSH Program Portfolio

 

Manufacturing

NORA Manufacturing Sector Strategic Goals

927ZHMX - Dissemination of OSH thru Mexican Consulate

Start Date: 10/1/2008
End Date: 10/30/2012

Principal Investigator (PI)
Name: Michael Flynn
Phone: 513-533-8568
E-mail: dse4@cdc.gov
Organization: NIOSH
Sub-Unit: EID
Funded By: NIOSH

Primary Goal Addressed
7.0

Secondary Goals Addressed
2.0 , 3.0


Attributed to Manufacturing
100%

Project Description

Short Summary

This study will develop, implement, and evaluate OSH interventions for Mexican immigrant workers and adapted for the models of health information dissemination currently used by the Mexican consular network. Embedded in this study is an evaluation of how levels of engagement of the target audience in an intervention can impact the number of people reached, their behavioral intentions and their information seeking behaviors. This study addresses specific goals set forth by NORA committees for Wholesale/retail Trade, Construction, Service, and Occupational Health Disparities. This study will produce an OSH training intervention for use in Mexican consulates. It will also generate recommendations for distributing OSH information via Mexican consulates. These recommendations will inform the development of future training resources targeting Hispanic immigrant workers across industry sectors.



Description

This pilot study proposes to develop, implement, and evaluate OSH interventions tailored for Mexican immigrant workers (MIW) and adapted to the models of health information dissemination currently used by the Mexican consular network (MCN). Embedded in this study is an evaluation of how different levels of engagement of the target audience can impact the efficacy of an intervention. This project is a continuation of NIOSH training research efforts to better understand how to tailor safety training interventions for HIW on such diverse topics as general construction safety and tuberculosis transmission. All four members of the NIOSH research team have been extensively involved in previous studies related to the immigrant community and their areas of expertise (Hispanic culture and the immigrant community, vocational psychology and psychometric methods, and occupational health disparities) cover the major areas of expertise required for successful completion of this study.



Working with the Institute for Mexicans Abroad, community based Hispanic organizations and OSH training experts, this four year project will develop, implement, and evaluate OSH interventions tailored for Mexican immigrant workers (MIW) and adapted for the models of health information dissemination currently used by the Mexican consular network (MCN). In the first year, NIOSH researchers will gather data, using site visits of participating consulates, direct observation of current health promotion activities, key informant interviews, and participant interviews to understand factors that would allow for successful implementation of OSH interventions within the MCN. In the second year, an OSH intervention consisting of four segments will be developed, tested, and finalized. Each segment will require different levels of participant engagement and will have been tailored for use with the health promotion models currently used by the consulates. Institutional clearance will be obtained to use the materials for research purposes. In the third year, the data collection instruments will be developed, the collaborators will be trained, and the implementation of the year long intervention and data collection will begin. In the fourth year, the remaining months of the intervention and data collection will be completed, the data analysis will be finalized and recommendations for integrating OSH information in the health promotion activities of the consulates will be developed.



The OSH research community and industry stakeholders have clearly articulated their desire for improved mechanisms to disseminate effective Spanish language training materials to this often hard to reach population. This study will develop, implement, and evaluate OSH interventions tailored for MIW and adapted for the models of health information dissemination currently used by the MCN. The recommendations on the relative effectiveness of the different formats and distribution potential of the Mexican consular network generated by this study will inform the creation of future training resources and interventions for immigrant workers, across industry sectors. These findings and recommendations will be distributed to the larger academic and OSH community via published articles in professional and industry journals and through conference presentations.



Objectives

Direct communication with the Institute for Mexicans Abroad and similar organizations of other countries will be used to substantiate the intermediate outcomes listed above.



Mission Relevance

The National Institute for Occupational Health (NIOSH) is responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. Research at NIOSH is guided by the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA; NIOSH 1996) which identified 21 of the most pressing OSH research needs in the United States. The NORA was generated with input from OSH scientists, industry and labor. This study addresses two of the NORA research priority areas: Priority Populations at Risk and Intervention Effectiveness. In 2006, NIOSH introduced the revised goals for the second decade of NORA – termed NORA 2. NORA 2 represents a matrix-based approach to research planning. It is organized around 8 industry sectors, which are "cross cut" by 15 cross sector programs and 7 special emphasis areas. This project addresses the following sector, cross sector, and emphasis area goals: Wholesale/retail Trade (reduce musculoskeletal disorders – 1, reduce falls - 4), Service (reduce musculoskeletal disorders - 2.3), and Construction (fall protection for Hispanics - 1.6, electrical safety for Hispanics – 3.4). The project will also meet the following outreach and collaboration goals: Service (promote reporting to workers compensation - 5.2, effective dissemination to Hispanics - 5.3), Traumatic Injury (collaboration for dissemination to immigrants - 5.4.3), Communications and Information Dissemination (develop strategic communications methods - 3.3), and Occupational Health Disparities (Improve Partnerships, Outreach and Information Dissemination – 3.1, 3.2, 3.3). In addition, this project addresses goals established by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services. The Healthy People 2010 (DHHS, 2000) report prioritizes the most important public health concerns facing the United States during the first decades of the 21st century. This project addresses the Healthy People 2010 goal to Eliminate Health Disparities and the focus area of Occupational Safety and Health. This project is a continuation of NIOSH training research efforts to better understand how to tailor safety training interventions for immigrant workers on such diverse topics as general construction safety and tuberculosis transmission. This line of research has developed as a response to targeted solicitations for proposals from several NORA Sector Steering Committees, most notably Construction and Occupational Health Disparities.



Interventions targeting Mexican immigrant workers (MIW) are increasingly becoming a priority at NIOSH because MIW not only account for 27.3% of all foreign born workers in the U.S., but account for 42.1% of all fatal work-related injuries giving them the highest fatality rate among all Latin American workers. The purpose of this study is to develop, implement, and evaluate OSH interventions tailored for Mexican immigrant workers (MIW) and adapted to the models of health information dissemination currently used by the Mexican consular network (MCN). Specifically, the project will develop interventions relevant to all MIW as well as some that target priority OSH problems for workers in the Construction, Service, and Wholesale/Retail trade sectors. If successful, this pilot project will not only provide thousands of Hispanic workers with OSH information on priority topics, but will also lay the foundation for establishing OSH as an integral part of the MCN's health promotion program that will reach hundreds of thousands of workers who are injured at some of the highest rates in the country. Additionally, it will provide intervention models that could easily be adapted for use in consulates of other countries or community based organizations in the immigrant community.



Page last updated: June 3, 2011
Page last reviewed: May 23, 2011
Content Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Office of the Director

 

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Manufacturing