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Occupational health literacy and work-related injury among U.S. adolescents.

Authors
Rauscher-KJ; Meyers-DJ
Source
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2014 Jan; 21(1):81-89
NIOSHTIC No.
20045487
Abstract
Building on the concept of 'health literacy' used in the U.S., we developed an analogous measure specific to safety in the workplace labeled 'occupational health literacy' (OHL) and investigated whether OHL is a protective factor against work-related injury (WRI) among adolescents. Using cross-sectional survey data from 2262 14 to 18-year olds in five high schools across the US, we found that OHL (level of occupational safety and health (OSH) information and training received combined with knowledge and awareness of OSH information and concepts) is positively associated with WRI prevalence. This association appears to be largely driven by the OHL subscale on respondents' receipt of safety training, which likely represents job hazardousness and may be overwhelming any protective effect of OHL on work injury. This exploratory study has shown that more precise measurement of OHL and confounding variables (job hazardousness) will be crucial in further studies exploring a OHL-WRI relationship.
Keywords
Humans; Adolescents; Accidents; Injuries; Workers; Work-environment; Training; Safety-education; Hazards; Epidemiology; Health-protection; Health-programs; Health-hazards; Questionnaires; Preventive-medicine; Author Keywords: adolescent; young workers; occupational health literacy; work-related injury
Contact
Kimberly J. Rauscher, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
ICSPC3
Publication Date
20140101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
krauscher@hsc.wvu.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-009557; M122014
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1745-7300
Source Name
International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
State
WV
Performing Organization
West Virginia University
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