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Radical scavenging reaction kinetics with multiwalled carbon nanotubes.

Authors
Tsuruoka-S; Matsumoto-H; Koyama-K; Akiba-E; Yanagisawa-T; Cassee-FR; Saito-N; Usui-Y; Kobayashi-S; Porter-DW; Castranova-V; Endo-M
Source
Carbon 2015 Mar; 83:232-239
NIOSHTIC No.
20045389
Abstract
Progress in the development of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has stimulated great interest among industries providing new applications. Meanwhile, toxicological evaluations on nanomaterials are advancing leading to a predictive exposure limit for CNTs, which implies the possibility of designing safer CNTs. To pursue safety by design, the redox potential in reactions with CNTs has been contemplated recently. However, the chemical reactivity of CNTs has not been explored kinetically, so that there is no scheme to express a redox reaction with CNTs, though it has been investigated and reported. In addition, the reactivity of CNTs is discussed with regard to impurities that consist of transition metals in CNTs, which obfuscates the contribution of CNTs to the reaction. The present work aimed at modeling CNT scavenging in aqueous solution using a kinetic approach and a simple first-order reaction scheme. The results show that CNTs follow the redox reaction assumption in a simple chemical system. As a result, the reaction with multiwalled CNTs is semiquantitatively denoted as redox potential, which suggests that their biological reactions may also be evaluated using a redox potential scheme.
Keywords
Nanotechnology; Toxicology; Exposure-limits; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Carbon-compounds; Chemical-reactions; Models; Reaction-rates; Biological-effects
Contact
Shuji Tsuruoka, Aquatic Innovation Center, Shinshu University, 4-17-1 Wakasato, Nagano 380-8553, Japan
CODEN
CRBNAH
Publication Date
20150301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
s_tsuruoka@shinshu-u.ac.jp
Fiscal Year
2015
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M112014
ISSN
0008-6223
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Manufacturing
Source Name
Carbon
State
WV
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