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Mortality of a police cohort: 1950-2005.

Authors
Vena-JE; Charles-LE; Gu-JK; Burchfiel-CM; Andrew-ME; Fekedulegn-D; Violanti-JM
Source
J Law Enforc Leadersh Ethics 2014 Mar; 1(1):7-30
NIOSHTIC No.
20045369
Abstract
Background: The authors conducted a retrospective cohort mortality study on police officers from 1950-2005. Methods: Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR) analyses were conducted separately for white male (n=2761), black (n=286), and female (n=259) officers. Results: Mortality from all causes of death combined for white male officers was significantly higher than expected (SMR=1.20; 95% confidence interval (CI) =1.14-1.26). Increased mortality was also seen for all malignant neoplasms combined (SMR=1.32; 1.19-1.46), all benign neoplasms combined (SMR=2.50; 1.08-4.93), and all diseases of the circulatory system combined (SMR=1.11; 1.02-1.19). The elevated mortality for all malignant neoplasms was primarily due to statistically significant excesses in cancers of the esophagus, colon, respiratory system, Hodgkin's disease and leukemia. Black officers had lower than expected mortality from all causes (SMR=0.45; 0.18- 0.92) while female officers had elevated all-cause mortality (SMR=2.17; 1.12-3.79). Conclusions: Findings of increased risk for malignant neoplasms should be replicated and studied in relation to measured risk factors.
Keywords
Police-officers; Emergency-responders; Law-enforcement; Law-enforcement-workers; Statistical-analysis; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Cardiovascular-system-disease; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Demographic-characteristics; Humans; Men; Women; Sex-factors; Racial-factors; Cancer; Cancer-rates; Respiratory-system-disorders; Blood-disorders; Author Keywords: Mortality; cancer; law enforcement officers; epidemiology; occupational health
Publication Date
20140301
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M112014
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
2334-2471
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Public Safety
Source Name
Journal of Law Enforcement Leadership and Ethics
State
GA; WV; NY
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