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Cigarette smoking trends among U.S. working adult by industry and occupation: findings from the 2004-2012 National Health Interview Survey.

Authors
Syamlal-G; Mazurek-JM; Hendricks-SA; Jamal-A
Source
Nicotine Tob Res 2015 May; 17(5):599-606
NIOSHTIC No.
20045154
Abstract
Objective: To examine trends in age-adjusted cigarette smoking prevalence among working adults by industry and occupation during 2004.2012, and to project those prevalences and compare them to the 2020 Healthy People objective (TU-1) to reduce cigarette smoking prevalence to /= 18 years working in the week prior to the interview. Temporal changes in cigarette smoking prevalence were assessed using logistic regression. We used the regression model to extrapolate to the period 2013-2020. Results: Overall, an estimated 19.0% of working adults smoked cigarettes: 22.4% in 2004 to 18.1% in 2012. The largest declines were among workers in the education services (6.5%) industry and in the life, physical, and social science (9.7%) occupations. The smallest declines were among workers in the real estate and rental and leasing (0.9%) industry and the legal (0.4%) occupations. The 2020 projected smoking prevalences in 15 of 21 industry groups and 13 of the 23 occupation groups were greater than the 2020 Healthy People goal. Conclusions: During 2004-2012, smoking prevalence declined in the majority of industry and occupation groups. The decline rate varied by industry and occupation groups. Projections suggest that certain groups may not reach the 2020 Healthy People goal. Consequently, smoking cessation, prevention, and intervention efforts may need to be revised and strengthened, particularly in specific occupational groups.
Keywords
Surveillance-programs; Health-surveys; Occupations; Workers; Cigarette-smoking; Smoking; Disease-prevention; Public-health; Tobacco; Tobacco-smoke; Industrial-environment; Health-programs; Demographic-characteristics; Work-environment; Statistical-analysis; Lifespan; Mortality-data; Sociological-factors; Lost-work-days
Contact
Girija Syamlal, MBBS, MPH, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, CDC, 1095 Willowdale Road, Mail Stop HG 900.2, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
NTREF6
Publication Date
20150501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
gsyamlal@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2015
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M102014
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
1462-2203
NIOSH Division
DRDS; DSR
Source Name
Nicotine & Tobacco Research
State
WV; GA
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