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Comparison of measured and self-reported anthropometric information among firefighters: implications and applications.

Authors
Hsiao-H; Weaver-D; Hsiao-J; Whitestone-J; Kau-T-Y; Whisler-R; Ferri-R
Source
Ergonomics 2014 Dec; 57(12):1886-1897
NIOSHTIC No.
20045063
Abstract
This study evaluated the accuracy of self-reported body weight and height compared to measured values among firefighters and identified factors associated with reporting error. A total of 863 male and 88 female firefighters in four US regions participated in the study. The results showed that both men and women underestimated their body weight (-0.4 +/= 4.1, -1.1 +/= 3.6 kg) and overestimated their height (29 +/= 18 , 17 +/= 16 mm). Women underestimated more than men on weight ( p = 0.022) and men overestimated more than women on height (p < 0.001). Reporting errors on weight were increased with overweight status (p < 0.001) and were disproportionate among subgroups. About 27% men and 24% women had reporting errors on weight greater than +/= 2.2 kg, and 59% men and 28% women had reporting errors on height greater than 25 mm. Practitioner Summary: This study along with literature revealed that the self-reported approach is not a sustainable option for anthropometric surveys, even for gathering data from physically active professional groups, such as firefighters, who presumably are knowledgeable of their body dimensions. Self-reported anthropometric information is undependable in important population subgroups.
Keywords
Fire-fighters; Weight-factors; Body-weight; Height-factors; Humans; Men; Women; Statistical-analysis; Anthropometry; Fire-fighting-equipment; Author Keywords: weight; height; self-reported; firefighter; anthropometry; obesity
Contact
Hongwei Hsiao, Division of Safety Research, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
ERGOAX
Publication Date
20141201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
hxh4@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2015
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M092014
Issue of Publication
12
ISSN
0014-0139
NIOSH Division
DSR
Priority Area
Public Safety
Source Name
Ergonomics
State
WV; OH; MI
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