Influenza vaccination coverage among school employees: assessing knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors.
de Perio-MA; Wiegand-DM; Brueck-SE
J Sch Health 2014 Sep; 84(9):586-592
BACKGROUND: Influenza can spread among students, teachers, and staff in school settings. Vaccination is the most effective method to prevent influenza. We determined 2012-2013 influenza vaccination coverage among school employees, assessed knowledge and attitudes regarding the vaccine, and determined factors associated with vaccine receipt. METHODS: We surveyed 412 (49%) of 841 employees at 1 suburban Ohio school district in March 2013. The Web-based survey assessed personal and work characteristics, vaccine receipt, and knowledge and attitudes regarding the vaccine. RESULTS: Overall, 238 (58%) respondents reported getting the 2012-2013 influenza vaccine. The most common reason for getting the vaccine was to protect oneself or one's family (87%). Beliefs that the vaccine was not needed (32%) or that it was not effective (21%) were the most common reasons for not getting it. Factors independently associated with vaccine receipt were having positive attitudes toward the vaccine, feeling external pressure to get it, and feeling personal control over whether to get it. CONCLUSIONS: Influenza vaccine coverage among school employees should be improved. Messages encouraging school employees to get the vaccine should address misconceptions about the vaccine. Employers should use methods to maximize employee vaccination as part of a comprehensive influenza prevention program.
Vaccines; Infection-control; Infectious-diseases; Respiratory-system-disorders; Education; Teaching; Health-surveys; Preventive-medicine; Disease-prevention; Respiratory-infections;
Author Keywords: influenza; occupational health; vaccination; vaccine; HETA 2013-0064-3191
Marie A. de Perio, Medical Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, R-10, Cincinnati, OH 45226
Journal of School Health