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Controversy: neonatal exposure to plasticizers in the NICU.

Authors
Pak-VM; Nailon-RE; McCauley-LA
Source
MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2007 Jul/Aug; 32(4):244-249
NIOSHTIC No.
20044954
Abstract
This article presents a review of extant literature that informs our current understanding of the effects of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) exposure on neonates. Phthalates such as DEHP add flexibility to plastics. DEHP is a major component in the manufacturing of polyvinyl chloride devices commonly used in the healthcare setting. Premature and critically ill neonates and infants in the NICU are exposed to DEHP and may be at an increased risk for adverse health outcomes as a result. DEHP has been shown to be a developmental and endocrine disrupting toxicant and is a major component in polyvinyl chloride plastics, which are commonly found in medical equipment used in the NICU. Potential toxicities to infants in the NICU are a concern because infants' small body size and compromised physical condition necessitate a multitude of medical interventions, each increasing exposure levels. Expanding nurses' knowledge regarding DEHP research is important for implementing a precautionary approach to reduce DEHP exposure among NICU patients.
Keywords
Humans; Neonates; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Hazards; Health-care; Health-hazards; Toxins; Toxic-materials; Toxic-effects; Nurses; Nursing; Medical-personnel; Medical-equipment; Education; Phthalates; Plastics; Author Keywords: Phthalates; Plasticizer; Neonates; Alternative medical devices
CODEN
MCNNEI
Publication Date
20070701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Vicpak1@yahoo.com
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T01-OH-008417
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0361-929X
Source Name
MCN: the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
State
PA; NE
Performing Organization
University of Pennsylvania
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