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Risks of a lifetime in construction. Part II: chronic occupational diseases.

Authors
Ringen-K; Dement-J; Welch-L; Dong-XS; Bingham-E; Quinn-PS
Source
Am J Ind Med 2014 Nov; 57(11):1235-1245
NIOSHTIC No.
20044916
Abstract
Background: We developed working-life estimates of risk for dust-related occupational lung disease, COPD, and hearing loss based on the experience of the Building Trades National Medical Screening Program in order to (1) demonstrate the value of estimates of lifetime risk, and (2) make lifetime risk estimates for common conditions among construction workers. Methods: Estimates of lifetime risk were performed based on 12,742 radiographic evaluations, 12,679 spirometry tests, and 11,793 audiograms. Results: Over a 45-year working life, 16% of construction workers developed COPD, 11% developed parenchymal radiological abnormality, and 73.8% developed hearing loss. The risk for occupationally related disease over a lifetime in a construction trade was 2-6 times greater than the risk in non-construction workers. Conclusions: When compared with estimates from annualized cross-sectional data, lifetime risk estimates are highly useful for risk expression, and should help to inform stakeholders in the construction industry as well as policy-makers about magnitudes of risk.
Keywords
Humans; Men; Women; Construction; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Workers; Work-environment; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Morbidity-rates; Mortality-rates; Exposure-limits; Risk-factors; Hazards; Transportation; Fall-protection; Author Keywords: lifetime risk; construction; fatalities; nonfatal injuries; working lifespan; falls; contact with objects/equipment; overexertion
Contact
Patricia S. Quinn, CPWR-The Center for Construction Research and Training, 8484 Georgia Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20141101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
pquinn@cpwr.com
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement; Construction
Fiscal Year
2015
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-009762; M082014
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
0271-3586
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
MD; NC; OH
Performing Organization
CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training, Silver Spring, Maryland
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