Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Human nasal passage fibrous particle deposition: the influence of particle length, flow rate and passage geometry.

Authors
Wang-Z; Hopke-PK; Baron-PA; Ahmadi-G; Chen-Y-S; Deye-G; Su-W-C
Source
Proceedings of the Seventh International Aerosol Conference, September 10-15, 2006, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.. Biswas P, Chen DR, Hering S, eds. Mount Laurel, NJ: American Association for Aerosol Research, 2006 Sep; :911-912
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20044868
Abstract
The filtration efficiency of the nose during nasal inhalation determines the fraction of airborne particles reaching the lung. The information on the regional deposition will also be used to evaluate the toxicity of the inhaled fibrous particles. In this research, aerosols of glass fibers were passed into human nasal airway models to investigate the effect of particle length, flow rate and passage geometry on nasal deposition efficiency. Both total and regional deposition efficiencies in the nose were measured. A dielectrophoretic fiber classifier (Baron et aI., 1994; Wang et aI., 2005) was used to produce an aerosol with the fibers within a specific length range. The geometrical profiles of the human nasal airway were obtained by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of human subjects. Gambit and Autodesk were used to fulfill the surface reconstruction of these models. Stereo lithography was used to construct the nasal airway models at Clarkson.
Keywords
Filtration; Nasal-cavity; Inhalants; Airborne-particles; Particulates; Lung; Toxins; Models; Fibrous-glass; Author Keywords: fiber; nasal passage; deposition
Publication Date
20060901
Document Type
Abstract
Editors
Biswas-P; Chen-DR; Hering-S
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9780978873509
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003900
NIOSH Division
DART
Source Name
Proceedings of the Seventh International Aerosol Conference, September 10-15, 2006, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.
State
NY; OH; NM
Performing Organization
Lovelace Biomedical & Environmental Research, Albuquerque, New Mexico
TOP