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Associations between protective factors and psychological distress vary by gender: the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress study.

Authors
Andrew-ME; Mnatsakanova-A; Howsare-JL; Hartley-TA; Charles-LE; Burchfiel-CM; McCanlies-EC; Violanti-JM
Source
Int J Emerg Mental Health Hum Resil 2013 Oct-Dec; 15(4):277-288
NIOSHTIC No.
20044844
Abstract
Previous research by this group identified gender interactions between some protective factors and psychological distress in police officers. This study extends this result to include a larger sample of police officers and a more comprehensive list of protective factors. These results confirm the conclusion that the commitment dimension of hardiness appears to have a stronger protective association with psychological distress among women. Furthermore, an avoidant coping style appears to be somewhat more positively associated with psychological distress among women. The personality trait of openness was also positively associated more strongly with PTSD symptoms in women than in men, while the trait of agreeableness was significantly protective in women and not in men. Hostility was generally positively associated with psychological distress with stronger association for PTSD symptoms and hostility in women.
Keywords
Law-enforcement; Law-enforcement-workers; Police-officers; Emergency-responders; Humans; Women; Men; Sex-factors; Demographic-characteristics; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Psychological-stress; Mental-stress; Author Keywords: Police; stress; resilience; hardiness; personality; PTSD
Contact
Michael E. Andrew, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Morgantown, WV
Publication Date
20131001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
mta6@cdc.gov
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Contract-200-2003-01580
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
1522-4821
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Public Safety
Source Name
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience
State
WV; NY
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