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Association of a dietary inflammatory index with inflammatory indices and metabolic syndrome among police officers.

Authors
Wirth-MD; Burch-J; Shivappa-N; Violanti-JM; Burchfiel-CM; Fekedulegn-D; Andrew-ME; Hartley-TA; Miller-DB; Mnatsakanova-A; Charles-LE; Steck-SE; Hurley-TG; Vena-JE; Hebert-JR
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2014 Sep; 56(9):986-989
NIOSHTIC No.
20044838
Abstract
Objectives: To determine whether the dietary inflammatory index (DII) is associated with inflammatory or metabolic biomarkers and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) among police officers. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress study were derived from saliva and fasting blood samples, anthropometric measurements, long-term shiftwork histories, and demographic, stress/depression, and food frequency questionnaires (FFQs). Metabolic syndrome was defined using standard criteria. Results: Officers in DII quartiles 2 to 4 were more likely to exceed a threshold of 3.0 mg/L forC-reactive protein (odds ratio [OR]=1.88; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 1.02 to 3.45; OR = 2.17; 95% CI = 1.19 to 3.95; OR=1.57; 95% CI=0.85 to 2.88, respectively) compared with quartile 1. The glucose intolerance component of MetSyn was more prevalent among officers in DII quartile 4 than among those in quartile 1 (OR = 2.03; 95% CI = 1.08 to 3.82). Conclusions: A pro-inflammatory diet was associated with elevated CRP and with the glucose intolerance component of MetSyn.
Keywords
Biomarkers; Metabolic-rate; Metabolism; Humans; Men; Women; Law-enforcement-workers; Police-officers; Stress; Blood-tests; Blood-samples; Anthropometry; Shift-work; Demographic-characteristics; Questionnaires; Proteins; Statistical-analysis; Emergency-responders; Dietary-effects
Contact
Michael Wirth, MSPH, PhD, Cancer Prevention and Control Program, University of South Carolina, 915 Greene St, Suite 200, Columbia, SC 29208
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20140901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
wirthm@mailbox.sc.edu
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Contract 200-2003-01580; M082014
Issue of Publication
9
ISSN
1076-2752
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Public Safety
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
SC; NY; WV; GA
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