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Impact of organizational policies and practices on workplace injuries in a hospital setting.

Authors
Tveito-TH; Sembajwe-G; Boden-LI; Dennerlein-JT; Wagner-GR; Kenwood-C; Stoddard-AM; Reme-SE; Hopcia-K; Hashimoto-D; Shaw-WS; Sorensen-G
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2014 Aug; 56(8):802-808
NIOSHTIC No.
20044830
Abstract
Objective: This study aimed to assess relationships between perceptions of organizational practices and policies (OPP), social support, and injury rates among workers in hospital units. Methods: A total of 1230 hospital workers provided survey data on OPP, job flexibility, and social support. Demographic data and unit injury rates were collected from the hospitals' administrative databases. Results: Injury rates were lower in units where workers reported higher OPP scores and high social support. These relationships were mainly observed among registered nurses. Registered nurses perceived coworker support and OPP as less satisfactory than patient care associates (PCAs). Nevertheless, because of the low number of PCAs at each unit, results for the PCAs are preliminary and should be further researched in future studies with larger sample sizes. Conclusions: Employers aiming to reduce injuries in hospitals could focus on good OPP and supportive work environment.
Keywords
Medical-facilities; Injuries; Workers; Work-environment; Medical-personnel; Humans; Men; Women; Demographic-characteristics; Nurses; Health-care-facilities; Health-care-personnel; Health-care; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Hazards; Stress; Psychological-effects; Physiological-effects; Physiological-stress; Total-Worker-Health
Contact
T. H. Tveito, PhD, Uni Research Health, Krinkelkroken 1, Bergen, Norway
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20140801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
torill.tveito@uni.no
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U19-OH-008861; M082014
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
1076-2752
NIOSH Division
OD
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
NY; MA; DC; IL
Performing Organization
Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts
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