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Prevalence of coronary heart disease or stroke among workers aged <55 years -- United States, 2008--2012.

Authors
Luckhaupt-SE; Calvert-GM
Source
MMWR 2014 Aug; 63(30):645-649
NIOSHTIC No.
20044784
Abstract
Cardiovascular disease accounts for one in three deaths in the United States each year, and coronary heart disease and stroke account for most of those deaths. To try to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes by 2017, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services launched the Million Hearts initiative, promoting proven and effective interventions in communities and clinical settings. In workplace settings, cardiovascular disease can be addressed through a Total Worker Health program, which integrates occupational safety and health protection with health promotion. To identify workers likely to benefit from such a program, CDC analyzed data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for the period 2008-2012 to estimate the prevalence of a history of coronary heart disease or stroke (CHD/stroke) among adults aged <55 years by selected characteristics, employment status, occupation category, and industry of employment. The results of that analysis showed that 1.9% of employed adults aged <55 years reported a history of CHD/stroke, compared with 2.5% of unemployed adults looking for work, and 6.3% of adults not in the labor force (e.g., unemployed adults who stopped looking for work, homemakers, students, retired persons, and disabled persons). Workers employed in service and blue collar occupations were more likely than those in white collar occupations to report a history of CHD/stroke. Two industry groups also had significantly higher adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) for CHD/stroke: Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services* and Accommodation and Food Service. Workers in these occupation and industry groups might especially benefit from a Total Worker Health approach to reducing the risk for CHD/stroke.
Keywords
Cardiovascular-disease; Cardiovascular-system-disease; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Heart; Cerebrovascular-system-disorders; Cerebrovascular-system; Total-Worker-Health; Surveillance-programs; Demographic-characteristics; Age-factors; Age-groups; Racial-factors; Sex-factors; Service-industries; Administration; Waste-disposal
CODEN
MMWRB6
Publication Date
20140801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
sluckhaupt@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M072014
Issue of Publication
30
ISSN
0892-3787
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
State
OH
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