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Pesticide risk perception and biomarkers of exposure in Florida female farmworkers.

Authors
Runkle-JD; Tovar-Aguilar-JA; Economos-E; Flocks-J; Williams-B; Muniz-JF; Semple-M; McCauley-L
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2013 Nov; 55(11):1286-1292
NIOSHTIC No.
20044749
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To compare workplace characteristics, workplace behaviors, and the health beliefs of female farmworkers of childbearing age with actual biomarkers of exposure to organophosphate pesticides and to the fungicide mancozeb. METHODS: Hispanic and Haitian farmworkers between the ages of 18 and 40 years working in nursery or fernery operations were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional survey, examining demographics, work practices, work-related hygiene, and pesticide exposure beliefs. Single-void (spot) urine samples were analyzed for organophosphate and ethylenethiourea metabolites. RESULTS: Women in nurseries worried less frequently about the effects of pesticides on their health than those in fernery operations. In summary, organophosphate and ethylenethiourea levels in nursery workers were significantly higher than levels in fernery workers and the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Results showed that perceived pesticide exposure did not correspond to actual metabolite levels within differing agricultural subpopulations.
Keywords
Humans; Women; Workers; Work-environment; Behavior; Farmers; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Age-groups; Biomarkers; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Organo-phosphorus-pesticides; Organo-phosphorus-compounds; Pesticides; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Fungicides; Urinalysis; Metabolites
Contact
Jennifer D. Runkle, PhD, Office of the Dean, Nell Hodgson School of Nursing, Emory University, 1520 Clifton Road, Suite 409, Atlanta, GA 30322
CODEN
JOEMFM
CAS No.
96-45-7
Publication Date
20131101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
jennifer.r.runkle@emory.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R21-OH-009830
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
1076-2752
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
GA; FL; PA
Performing Organization
Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
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