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Reducing occupational risk for blood and body fluid exposure among home care aides: an intervention effectiveness study.

Authors
Amuwo-S; Lipscomb-J; McPhaul-K; Sokas-RK
Source
Home Health Care Serv Q 2013 Mar; 32(4):234-248
NIOSHTIC No.
20044658
Abstract
The purpose of this quasi-experimental pretest/posttest research study was to examine the effectiveness of an intervention designed through a participatory process to reduce blood and body fluid exposure among home care aides. Employer A, the intervention site, was a large agency with approximately 1,200 unionized home care aides. Employer B, the comparison group, was a medium-sized agency with approximately 200 home care aides. The intervention was developed in partnership with labor and management and included a 1-day educational session utilizing peer educators and active learning methods to increase awareness about the risks for occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among home care aides and a follow-up session introducing materials to facilitate communication with clients about safe sharps disposal. Self-administered preintervention and postintervention questionnaires identifying knowledge about and self-reported practices to reduce bloodborne pathogen exposure were completed in person during mandatory training sessions 18 months apart. Home care aides in the intervention group for whom the preintervention and postintervention questionnaires could be directly matched reported an increase in their clients' use of proper sharps containers (31.9% pre to 52.2% post; p = .033). At follow-up, the intervention group as a whole also reported increased use of sharps containers among their clients when compared to controls (p = .041).
Keywords
Safety-education; Training; Waste-disposal; Hazardous-materials; Needlestick-injuries; Health-surveys; Questionnaires; Biohazards; Bloodborne-pathogens; Body-fluids; Health-care-personnel; Health-care; Work-practices; Safety-practices; Employee-exposure; Risk-analysis; Author Keywords: community and home care; occupational health and safety; participatory research; worker safety
Contact
Shakirudeen Amuwo, PhD, MPH, Chicago State University, 9501 South King Drive, BHS 201, Chicago, IL 60628, USA
Publication Date
20130301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
shakirudeen@yahoo.com
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008237
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0162-1424
Source Name
Home Health Care Services Quarterly
State
IL; MD; DC
Performing Organization
University of Maryland, Baltimore
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