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Exposures to ELF-EMF in everyday environments.

Authors
Bowman-JD
Source
Epidemiology of electromagnetic fields. Röösli M, ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2014 Jun; 7:93-124
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20044556
Abstract
A crucial step in epidemiology involves understanding the exposures that may affect human health. This chapter covers the basic elements that determine exposures to electric and magnetic fields (EMFs) at extremely low frequencies (ELFs identical to ≡ >0-3000 Hz) in everyday environments, particularly electric utilities, residences, schools, offices, transportation, and manufacturing. The chapter starts with an overview of basic concepts. For each environment, important sources of ELF-EMFs are described, followed by a brief survey of exposure measurements. Basic ELF-EMF Concepts: The objectives of this section are to introduce the terminology, notation, and physical concepts used in the assessment of ELF-EMF exposures. The focus is on the physical characteristics of EMF that have been hypothesized to affect human health.
Keywords
Epidemiology; Electromagnetic-fields; Electrical-fields; Magnetic-fields; Exposure-assessment; Environmental-hazards; Electromagnetic-energy; Electromagnetic-absorption; Electrophysiological-measurements; Health-hazards; Electrical-transmission; Electrical-workers; Physical-properties
Publication Date
20140601
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Editors
Röösli-M
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9781466568174
Identifying No.
M062014
NIOSH Division
DART
Priority Area
Manufacturing
Source Name
Epidemiology of electromagnetic fields
State
OH; FL
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