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Young adult former ever smokers: the role of type of smoker, quit attempts, quit aids, attitudes/beliefs, and demographics.

Authors
McClure-LA; Arheart-KL; Lee-DJ; Sly-DF; Dietz-NA
Source
Prev Med 2013 Nov; 57(5):690-695
NIOSHTIC No.
20044530
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Young adults who smoke are often nondaily users who either quit or transition into dependent smokers. Further, this age group often has been considered an extension of the adult population. This study aims to examine young adult former ever smokers to understand factors associated with their stopping smoking. METHOD: Telephone interviews were conducted in 2010 with 4401 young adults in Florida. We examined the association between former ever smokers and sociodemographics, smoking behavior, quit attempts, quit aids, and attitudes/beliefs about smoking. RESULTS: Thirty-seven percent of young adults were former smokers, 20% were current smokers, and 43% were never smokers. Former smokers were more likely to be female, situational smokers (compared to occasional or established), more likely to have stopped smoking without acknowledging making a quit attempt, less likely to have used a quit aid, and less likely to display pro-tobacco attitudes/beliefs. CONCLUSION: Young adult former and current smokers have unique patterns of smoking and stopping smoking. Young adults may require novel intervention techniques to promote prevention and cessation based on these unique smoking patterns. Future research is needed to understand motivations to quit smoking among young adults.
Keywords
Humans; Adolescents; Behavior; Smoking; Cigarette-smoking; Attitude; Demographic-characteristics; Age-groups; Tobacco; Tobacco-smoke; Mental-processes; Psychological-processes; Health-surveys; Sociological-factors; Behavior-patterns; Disease-prevention; Author Keywords: Young adults; Smoking; Tobacco use cessation
Contact
Laura A. McClure, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1120 NW 14th Street, 15th Floor C202, Miami, FL 33136, USA
CODEN
PVTMA3
Publication Date
20131101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
lmcclure@med.miami.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003915
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0091-7435
Source Name
Preventive Medicine
State
FL; GA
Performing Organization
University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
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