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Respiratory disease in United States farmers.

Authors
Hoppin-JA; Umbach-DM; Long-S; Rinsky-JL; Henneberger-PK; Salo-PM; Zeldin-DC; London-SJ; Alavanja-MCR; Blair-A; Beane Freeman-LE; Sandler-DP
Source
Occup Environ Med 2014 Jul; 71(7):484-491
NIOSHTIC No.
20044467
Abstract
Objectives: Farmers may be at increased risk for adverse respiratory outcomes compared with the general population due to their regular exposures to dusts, animals and chemicals. However, early life farm exposures to microbial agents may result in reduced risk. Understanding respiratory disease risk among farmers and identifying differences between farmers and other populations may lead to better understanding of the contribution of environmental exposures to respiratory disease risk in the general population. Methods: We compared the prevalence of self-reported respiratory outcomes in 43548 participants from the Agricultural Health Study (AHS), a prospective cohort of farmers and their spouses from Iowa and North Carolina, with data from adult participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) over the same period (2005-2010). Results: AHS participants had lower prevalences of respiratory diseases (asthma, adult-onset asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema), but higher prevalences of current respiratory symptoms (wheeze, cough and phlegm) even after controlling for smoking, body mass index and population characteristics. The overall prevalence of asthma in the AHS (7.2%, 95% CI 6.9 to 7.4) was 52% of that in NHANES (13.8%, 95% CI 13.3 to 14.3), although the prevalence of adult-onset asthma among men did not differ (3.6% for AHS, 3.7% for NHANES). Conversely, many respiratory symptoms were more common in the AHS than NHANES, particularly among men. Conclusions: These findings suggest that farmers and their spouses have lower risk for adult-onset respiratory diseases compared with the general population, and potentially higher respiratory irritation as evidenced by increased respiratory symptoms.
Keywords
Farmers; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-chemicals; Animals; Dust-exposure; Dust-particles; Dusts; Respiratory-system-disorders; Respiration; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Humans; Men; Women; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Diseases; Environmental-exposure; Work-environment; Workers; Statistical-analysis
Contact
Dr Jane A Hoppin, Department of Biological Sciences, North Carolina State University, CB 7633, Raleigh, NC 27695
CODEN
OEMEEM
Publication Date
20140701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
jahoppin@ncsu.edu
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M062014
Issue of Publication
7
ISSN
1351-0711
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
NC; WV; MD
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