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Smokeless tobacco use among working adults - United States, 2005 and 2010.

Authors
Mazurek-JM; Syamlal-G; King-BA; Castellan-RM
Source
MMWR 2014 Jun; 63(22):477-482
NIOSHTIC No.
20044434
Abstract
Smokeless tobacco causes cancers of the oral cavity, esophagus, and pancreas. CDC analyzed National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data to estimate the proportion of U.S. working adults who used smokeless tobacco in 2005 and 2010, by industry and occupation. This report describes the results of that analysis, which showed no statistically significant change in the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use among workers from 2005 (2.7%) to 2010 (3.0%). In 2010, smokeless tobacco use was highest among adults aged 25-44 years (3.9%), males (5.6%), non-Hispanic whites (4.0%), those with no more than a high school education (3.9%), and those living in the South (3.9%). By industry, the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use ranged from 1.5% in education services to 18.8% in mining industries, and by occupation from 1.3% in office and administrative support to 10.8% in construction and extraction. These findings highlight opportunities for reducing the health and economic burdens of tobacco use among U.S. workers, especially those in certain industries (e.g., mining) and occupations (e.g., construction and extraction) where use of smokeless tobacco is especially common. CDC recommends best practices for comprehensive tobacco control programs, including effective employer interventions, such as providing employee health insurance coverage for proven cessation treatments, offering easily accessible help for those who want to quit, and establishing and enforcing tobacco-free workplace policies.
Keywords
Surveillance-programs; Tobacco; Cancer; Cancer-rates; Health-surveys; Data-processing; Occupations; Demographic-characteristics; Workers; Age-groups; Men; Racial-factors; Education; Mine-workers; Mining-industry; Construction; Construction-workers; Work-environment
CODEN
MMWRB6
Publication Date
20140606
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
acq8@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M062014
Issue of Publication
22
ISSN
0892-3787
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
State
WV; GA
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