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Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome among employees at a poultry processing plant.

Authors
Musolin-K; Ramsey-JG; Wassell-JT; Hard-DL
Source
Appl Ergon 2014 Nov; 45(6):1377-1383
NIOSHTIC No.
20044369
Abstract
Objective: To determine prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) among poultry processing employees while taking into account non-occupational factors and assess any association between CTS prevalence and exposure groups. Methods: Performed a cross-sectional survey to assess CTS (n 318). A CTS case was defined as an employee with self-reported CTS symptoms, an abnormal hand symptom diagram, and an abnormal nerve conduction study (NCS). Log-binomial regression was used to estimate prevalence ratios. Results: Three hundred and one participants had sufficient symptom information or NCS data to be classified. 126 (42%) of 301 participants had evidence of CTS. In the adjusted analysis, the highest exposure group had CTS prevalence that was significantly higher than that for the lower exposure group [PR: 1.61; 95% CI (1.20, 2.17)]. Conclusions: Increasing levels of hand activity and force were associated with increased CTS prevalence among participants. Recommendations were provided to reduce exposure to these risk factors.
Keywords
Carpal-tunnel-syndrome; Poultry-industry; Poultry-workers; Exposure-levels; Humans; Men; Women; Hand-injuries; Nerve-function; Nerves; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Surveillance; Force; Ergonomics; Food-processing; Food-processing-industry; Food-processing-workers; Meat-handlers; Meat-packing-industry; Author Keywords: Ergonomics; Poultry processing; Occupation
Contact
Kristin Musolin, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Health Hazard Evaluation Technical Assistance Branch, 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS R10 Cincinnati, OH 45226,
CODEN
AERGBW
Publication Date
20141101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
jwy1@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2015
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M052014
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
0003-6870
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS; DSR
Priority Area
Transportation, Warehousing and Utilities
Source Name
Applied Ergonomics
State
OH; WV
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