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Using O*NET to estimate the association between work exposures and chronic diseases.

Authors
Dembe-AE; Yao-X; Wickizer-TM; Shoben-AB; Dong-X
Source
Am J Ind Med 2014 Sep; 57(9):1022-1031
NIOSHTIC No.
20044364
Abstract
Background: A standardized process using data from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET) is applied to estimate the association between long-term aggregated occupational exposure and the risk of contracting chronic diseases later in life. We demonstrate this process by analyzing relationships between O*NET physical work demand ratings and arthritis onset over a 32-year period. Methods: The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth provided job histories and chronic disease data. Five O*NET job descriptors were used as surrogate measures of physical work demands. Logistic regression measured the association between those demands and arthritis occurrence. Results: The risk of arthritis was significantly associated with handling and moving objects, kneeling, crouching, and crawling, bending and twisting, working in a cramped or awkward posture, and performing general physical activities. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the utility of using O*NET job descriptors to estimate the aggregated long-term risks for osteoarthritis and other chronic diseases when no actual exposure data is available.
Keywords
Analytical-processes; Statistical-analysis; Occupational-exposure; Chronic-inflammation; Diseases; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Articulation; Bone-disorders; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Physical-stress; Job-analysis; Manual-materials-handling; Materials-handling; Body-mechanics; Work-performance; Author Keywords: O*NET; NLSY; arthritis; osteoarthritis; musculoskeletal; chronic disease; occupational exposure
Contact
AllardE.Dembe, Sc.D.,Professor, Division o Health Services Management & Policy, Director Center for Health Outcomes, Policy and Evaluation Studies, The Ohio State University College of Public Health, 283 Cunz Hall ,1841 Neil Avenue,Columbus, OH 43210
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20140901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
adembe@cph.osu.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R21-OH-010323; M052014
Issue of Publication
9
ISSN
0271-3586
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
OH
Performing Organization
Ohio State University
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