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A comparison of winter short-term and annual average radon measurements in basements of a radon-prone region and evaluation of further radon testing indicators.

Authors
Barros-NG; Steck-DJ; Field-RW
Source
Health Phys 2014 May; 106(5):535-544
NIOSHTIC No.
20044360
Abstract
The primary objective of this study was to investigate the temporal variability between basement winter short-term (7 to 10 d) and basement annual radon measurements. Other objectives were to test the short-term measurement's diagnostic performance at two reference levels and to evaluate its ability to predict annual average basement radon concentrations. Electret ion chamber (short-term) and alpha track (annual) radon measurements were obtained by trained personnel in Iowa residences. Overall, the geometric mean of the short-term radon concentrations (199 Bq m) was slightly greater than the geometric mean of the annual radon concentrations (181 Bq m). Short-term tests correctly predicted annual radon concentrations to be above the 148 Bq m action level 88% of the time and above a 74 Bq m level 98% of the time. The short-term and annual radon concentrations were strongly correlated (r = 0.87, p < 0.0001). The foundation wall material of the basement was the only significant factor to have an impact on the absolute difference between the short-term and annual measurements. The findings from this study provide evidence of a substantially lower likelihood of obtaining a false negative result from a single short-term test in a region with high indoor radon potential when the reference level is lowered to 74 Bq m.
Keywords
Air-monitoring; Air-quality; Air-quality-measurement; Air-quality-monitoring; Monitors; Monitoring-systems; Quality-control; Exposure-levels; Sampling; Short-term-exposure; Radiation; Ionizing-radiation; Ionization-chambers; Radioactive-measurement; Radiological-equipment; Gamma-radiation; Author Keywords: detector; alpha-track; electrets; radon; sampling
Contact
R. William Field, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, College of Public Health, S327 CPHB, 105 River Street, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242
CODEN
HLTPAO
CAS No.
10043-92-2
Publication Date
20140501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
bill-field@uiowa.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008491; M052014
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0017-9078
Source Name
Health Physics
State
IA; MN
Performing Organization
University of Iowa
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