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Child labor.

Authors
Landrigan-PJ; Pollack-SH; Belville-R; Godbold-JH
Source
Pediatr Ann 1995 Dec; 24(12):657-662
NIOSHTIC No.
20044299
Abstract
Child labor is defined as the paid employment of children younger than 18 years of age. It is common in American society.(1) According to the US Department of Labor, more than 4 million children were legally employed in 1988, a substantial increase from a decade earlier.(2) Illegal child labor is widespread, and at least one million children are employed under unlawful conditions. Despite the common belief that the problem of illegal child labor was remedied long ago, the practice has persisted in the United States and appears to be on the rise.(2,3) Child labor is also a major problem internationally.(4-7) According to the International Labour Office (ILO), at least 200 million children under the age of 14 are employed worldwide. In some countries, children constitute 15% to 25% of the total work force. Children are employed as rug weavers in the Middle East, as underground tin miners in South America, and as metal workers, fireworks makers, textile weavers, and glass blowers in other countries. In virtually all countries, child labor is associated with poverty, inadequate educational opportunities, and failure to enforce relevant laws and standards. Particularly severe abuses have been documented in so-called free enterprise zones, special industrial areas such as along the Mexico-United States border, where relaxation has been permitted in the enforcement of labor and environmental laws.(4)
Keywords
Children; Regulations; Law-enforcement; Traumatic-injuries; Carcinogens; Epidemiology; Farmers; Miners; Injury-prevention; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Racial-factors; Age-factors; Age-groups; Standards; Workers
Contact
Philip J. Landigran, MD, MSc, Mt Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY 10029
Publication Date
19951201
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
118001
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1996
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-002717
Issue of Publication
12
ISSN
0090-4481
Source Name
Pediatric Annals
State
NY; KY
Performing Organization
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York
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