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Climate change. A global threat to cardiopulmonary health.

Authors
Rice-MB; Thurston-GD; Balmes-JR; Pinkerton-KE
Source
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2014 Mar; 189(5):512-519
NIOSHTIC No.
20044194
Abstract
Recent changes in the global climate system have resulted in excess mortality and morbidity, particularly among susceptible individuals with preexisting cardiopulmonary disease. These weather patterns are projected to continue and intensify as a result of rising CO2 levels, according to the most recent projections by climate scientists. In this Pulmonary Perspective, motivated by the American Thoracic Society Committees on Environmental Health Policy and International Health, we review the global human health consequences of projected changes in climate for which there is a high level of confidence and scientific evidence of health effects, with a focus on cardiopulmonary health. We discuss how many of the climate-related health effects will disproportionally affect people from economically disadvantaged parts of the world, who contribute relatively little to CO2 emissions. Last, we discuss the financial implications of climate change solutions from a public health perspective and argue for a harmonized approach to clean air and climate change policies.
Keywords
Climatic-factors; Cardiopulmonary-function; Cardiopulmonary-system-disorders; Humans; Men; Women; Demographic-characteristics; Public-health; Air-quality; Pollution; Cardiovascular-system; Cardiovascular-function; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Environmental-contamination; Environmental-exposure; Environmental-factors; Environmental-hazards; Environmental-health; Environmental-pollution; Fuels; Emission-sources; Author Keywords: climate change; air pollution; cardiovascular health; pulmonary health
Contact
Mary B. Rice, M.D., Pulmonary and Critical Care Unit, Bulfinch 148, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114
CODEN
AJCMED
CAS No.
124-38-9
Publication Date
20140301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
mrice2@partners.org
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U54-OH-007550; M042014
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
1073-449X
Source Name
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
State
MA; NY; CA
Performing Organization
University of California - Davis
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