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Respiratory manganese particle size, time-course and neurobehavioral outcomes in workers at a manganese alloy production plant.

Authors
Park-RM; Bouchard-MF; Baldwin-M; Bowler-R; Mergler-D
Source
Neurotoxicology 2014 Dec; 45:276-284
NIOSHTIC No.
20044141
Abstract
The progression of manganism with chronic exposure to airborne manganese (Mn) is not well understood. Here, we further investigate the findings on exposure and neurobehavioral outcomes of workers from a silico- and ferromanganese production plant and non-exposed workers from the same community in 1990 and 2004, using a variety of exposure metrics that distinguish particle size and origin within the range of respirable airborne exposures. Mn exposure matrices for large respirable particulate (Mn-LRP, dust) and small respirable particulate (Mn-SRP, fume), based on process origins, were used together with detailed work histories since 1973 (plant opening), to construct exposure metrics including burdens and cumulative burdens with various clearance half-lives. For three out of eight 1990 neurobehavioral tests analyzed with linear regression models, duration of Mn exposure was the best predictor: Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery - Motor Scale, Trail-Making B and Finger Tapping. The Luria-Nebraska Motor Scale had the strongest association (t - 5.0, p < 10-6). For outcomes on three other tests, the duration and Mn-SRP metrics were comparable: Trail Making Test A, Cancellation H and Stroop Color-Word Test (color/word subtest). Delayed Word Recall was best predicted by Mn-SRP (based on square root or truncated air-concentrations). The Word score on the Stroop Color-Word Test was the only outcome for which Mn-LRP was the leading predictor (t = -2.92, p = 0.003), while performance on the WAIS-R Digit Span Test was not significantly predicted by any metric. For outcomes evaluated in both 1990 and 2004, a mixed-effect linear regression model was used to examine estimates of within- individual trends. Duration and Mn-SRP were associated with performance on the Luria-Nebraska Motor Scale, as well as with other outcomes that appeared to have both reversible and progressive features, including Trail Making A and B, Cancellation H and Delayed Word Recall. With the mixed-effect model, Digit Span exhibited a significant irreversible association with exposure duration (t = -2.34, p = 0.021) and Mn-SRP (square root; t = -2.38, p = 0.019) metrics. The strong prediction using duration of exposure is consistent with effective homeostatic regulation of tissue-level Mn in the observed exposure range of respirable Mn (<0.2 mg/m3).
Keywords
Workers; Work-environment; Manganese-compounds; Airborne-particles; Airborne-dusts; Particulates; Respiration; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-disorders; Exposure-levels; Author Keywords: Manganese; Burden; Q2 Cumulative exposure; Exposure duration; Dust; Fume; Half-life; Homeostasis
CODEN
NRTXDN
CAS No.
7439-96-5
Publication Date
20141201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
rhp9@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2015
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M042014
ISSN
0161-813X
NIOSH Division
EID
Priority Area
Construction; Manufacturing
Source Name
Neurotoxicology
State
OH; CA
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