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Health and safety in Washington State's collision repair industry: a needs assessment.

Authors
Whittaker-SG; Anderson-R; Whitaker-C
Source
Olympia, WA: Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, 69-4-2005, 2005 Dec; :1-119
NIOSHTIC No.
20044134
Abstract
Workers in the collision repair industry may be exposed to isocyanates and other harmful chemicals. Of particular concern is the burden of work-related asthma in this industry, which likely reflects exposures to the isocyanates in two-part paints. Consequently, Safety & Health Assessment & Research for Prevention (SHARP) staff conducted key informant interviews, performed field investigations, and distributed a statewide needs assessment survey to gather information about: 1. The collision repair industry business model, 2. The number of collision repair production workers potentially exposed to isocyanates, 3. Additional chemical and physical exposures of concern, 4. Current health & safety practices in the industry, and 5. Strategies to reduce exposure and increase employer and worker awareness. The response rate to the survey was 69 percent, suggesting that our survey results are likely representative of Washington State's collision repair industry. Our study found that collision repair in Washington State is a male-dominated industry comprised chiefly of small, non-unionized, family-run businesses. Many shops face numerous safety and health challenges, resulting from a combination of misinformation within the industry, insufficient funds to address workplace health & safety concerns, and social barriers to enforcing best practices within the shops. Most notably, inappropriate selection and use of respirators and gloves likely contribute significantly to isocyanate exposures. Collision repair workers are potentially exposed to a variety of additional chemical and physical hazards that deserve attention. We determined that this industry is a good candidate for a "research to practice" intervention comprised of both an educational campaign and technical assistance. However, any such intervention must account for the financial, demographic, and social characteristics of this industry.
Keywords
Workers; Work-environment; Isocyanates; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Chemical-properties; Hazards; Bronchial-asthma; Respiratory-system-disorders; Respiration; Respiratory-irritants; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Automobile-repair-shops; Models; Workers; Work-environment; Physiology; Physiological-effects; Physiological-disorders; Humans; Men; Education; Training; Demographic-characteristics; Sociological-factors
Contact
SHARP Program, Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, PO Box 44330, Olympia, WA 98504-4330
Publication Date
20051201
Document Type
Other
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U01-OH-007292
Source Name
Health and safety in Washington state's collision repair industry: a needs assessment
State
WA
Performing Organization
Washington State Department of Labor and Industries
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