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Prioritizing industries for occupational injury and illness prevention, Washington State workers' compensation claims data, 1998 - 2002.

Authors
Bonauto-D; Silverstein-B; Adams-D; Kalat-J; Foley-M
Source
Olympia, WA: Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, 64-1-2005, 2005 Mar; :1-49
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20044133
Abstract
Background: Resources to prevent occupational injury and illness are scarce. Effectively utilizing those resources is essential to provide the greatest benefit to workers and employers. This study examines the industries at high risk for seven common and costly occupational injuries and illnesses for allocation of prevention and research resources. Methods: Washington State Fund workers' compensation data for compensable claims for the years 1998 - 2002 were analyzed. By aggregating ANSI Z16 injury types, high cost common workers' compensation claims were identified. Payroll hours were used to determine claims' incidence rates by industry per 10,000 FIE. We used a prevention index to rank industries for each of the aggregated injury types. Results: Between 1998 - 2002, there were 166,722 compensable Washington State state fund claims costing an estimated 3.9 billion in direct workers' compensation costs and accounting for 24.3 million time loss days. Seven common, high cost, injury types were identified: A. Caught in/under/between', B. Fall from Elevation', C. Fall from Same Level', D. Struck By/Against', E. Motor Vehicle', F. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the lower extremity, and G. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the neck, back and upper extremity. These seven aggregated injury types accounted for 91.6% of all compensable claims, 94.7% of all compensable claim costs and 95.5% of all compensable claim time loss days. Using the prevention index, an average of the rank orders by NAICS industry group for claim count and claims rate was determined. Priority industries for prevention and research were determined for each aggregated injury type. The top five industry groups by Prevention Index for research and prevention for compensable 'Caught InIUnderlBetween' workers' compensation claims were: 1. NAICS 3219 - Other Wood Product Manufacturing, 2. NAICS 1133 - Logging, 3. NIACS 3222 - Converted Paper Product Manufacturing, 4. NAICS 1121 - Cattle Ranching and Farming, and 5. NAICS 3323 - Architectural and Structural Metals Manufacturing. The top five industry groups by Prevention Index for research and prevention for compensable 'Fall from Elevation' workers' compensation claims were: 1. NAICS 2381-Foundation, Structure and Building Exterior Contractors, 2. NAICS 2383 - Building Finishing Contractors, 3. NAICS 2361 - Residential Building Construction, 4. NAICS 1113 - Fruit and Tree Nut Farming, and 5. NAICS 1133 - Logging. The top five industry groups by Prevention Index for research and prevention for compensable 'Fall from Same Level' workers' compensation claims were: 1. NAICS 1133 - Logging, 2. NAICS 2381 - Foundation, Structure and Building Exterior Contractors, 3. NAICS 4841 - General Freight Trucking, 4. NAICS 2383 - Building Finishing Contractors, and 5. NAICS 7222 - Limited Service Eating Places. The top five industry groups by Prevention Index for research and prevention for compensable 'Struck BY! Against' workers' compensation claims were: 1. NAICS 2381 - Foundation, Structure and Building Exterior Contractors, 2. NAICS 1133 - Logging, 3. NAICS 2361 - Residential Building Construction, 4. NAICS 6222 - Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Hospitals, and 5. NAICS 3219 - Other Wood Product Manufacturing. The top five industry groups by Prevention Index for research and prevention for compensable 'Motor Vehicle' workers' compensation claims were: 1. NAICS 4841 - General Freight Trucking, 2. NAICS 4842 - Specialized Freight Trucking, 3. NIACS 4921- Couriers, 4. NAICS 1133 - Logging, and 5. NAICS 4922 - Local Messengers and Local Delivery. The top five industry groups by Prevention Index for research and prevention for workrelated musculoskeletal disorders of the lower extremity were: 1. NAICS 2383 - Building Finishing Contractors, 2. NAICS 2381 - Foundation, Structure and Building Exterior Contractors, 3. NAICS 2361 - Residential Building Construction, 4. NAICS 4841 - General Freight Trucking, and 5. NAICS 1133 - Logging. The top five industry groups by Prevention Index for research and prevention for workrelated musculoskeletal disorders of the neck. back and upper extremity were: 1. NAICS 2381- Foundation, Structure and Building Exterior Contractors, 2. NAICS 2383 - Building Finishing Contractors, 3. NAICS 6231- Nursing Care Facilities, 4. NAICS 6233 - Community Care Facilities for the Elderly, and 5. NAICS 2361 - Residential Building Construction . . Only two industry groups ranked within the top 20 by Prevention Index for all seven common high cost workers compensation claims. These two industries were NAICS 1133 - Logging and NAICS 4841 - General Freight Trucking. Using Washington Industrial Classification, a risk classification system based on combining industry and occupation, Trucking, Logging, Road Construction, Garbage Collection, Roofing, and Wood Frame Building Construction rank highly across the seven types of workers' compensation claims. Conclusions: Allocating prevention and research resources towards industry groups with high rates and high counts of common high cost workers' compensation claims in Washington State is needed. This process has identified both construction and trucking as high risk industry groups.
Keywords
Workers; Work-environment; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Risk-factors; Preventive-medicine; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Musculoskeletal-system; Neck-injuries; Back-injuries; Extremities; Fall-protection; Motor-vehicles; Analytical-processes; Statistical-analysis; Construction; Logging-workers; Psychological-stress; Psychology; Psychological-effects; Substance-abuse; Woodworking-industry; Nursing; Medical-facilities; Trucking; Roofing-industry
Contact
SHARP Program, Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, PO Box 44330, Olympia, WA 98504-4330
Publication Date
20050301
Document Type
Other
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U01-OH-007292
SIC Code
NAICS-1113; NAICS-1121; NAICS-1133; NAICS-2361; NAICS-2381; NAICS-2383
Source Name
Prioritizing industries for occupational injury and illness prevention, Washington state workers' compensation claims data, 1998 - 2002
State
WA
Performing Organization
Washington State Department of Labor and Industries
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