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Changes in ergonomic exposures of nursing assistants after the introduction of a safe resident handling program in nursing homes.

Authors
Kurowski-A; Boyer-J; Fulmer-S; Gore-R; Punnett-L
Source
Int J Ind Ergon 2012 Nov; 42(6):525-532
NIOSHTIC No.
20044116
Abstract
We evaluated the effect of a nursing home safe resident handling intervention on the ergonomic exposures of nursing assistants. The healthcare version of the Postures, Activities, Tools and Handling (PATH) method was used by 12 observers to examine postures, manual handling, and resident handling pre-intervention and at three months, 12 months, 24 months, and 36 months post-intervention. There were marked downward trends in proportion of work time spent repositioning and transferring residents, and an increased use of handling equipment in transferring (Cochran-Armitage tests: all p-values <0.001). While resident handling, nursing assistants were also more likely post-intervention to be in neutral trunk postures, walking rather than standing still, working with both arms below 60, and less likely to lift loads greater than 22.7 kg. Lateral transfer devices were infrequently observed in use for repositioning; additional training on the use of this equipment is recommended to increase the benefits from the intervention program.
Keywords
Nursing; Workers; Work-capacity; Work-capability; Work-environment; Manual-lifting; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Equipment-design; Posture; Total-Worker-Health; Body-mechanics; Biomechanics; Weight-factors; Force; Humans; Men; Women; Injuries; Author Keywords: Intervention effectiveness; Nursing home industry; Ergonomics tool; Exposure assessment; Injury risk
Contact
Alicia Kurowski , 1 University Ave., Kitson Hall, Room 200, Lowell, MA 01854
Publication Date
20121101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
aliciakurowski@gmail.com
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U19-OH-008857
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
0169-8141
Source Name
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
State
MA
Performing Organization
University of Massachusetts, Lowell
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