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Prevalence of workers with shifts in hearing by industry: a comparison of OSHA and NIOSH hearing shift criteria.

Authors
Masterson-EA; Sweeney-MH; Deddens-JA; Themann-CL; Wall-DK
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2014 Apr; 56(4):446-455
NIOSHTIC No.
20044081
Abstract
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of workers with National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health significant threshold shifts (NSTS), Occupational Safety and Health Administration standard threshold shifts (OSTS), and with OSTS with age correction (OSTS-A), by industry using North American Industry Classification System codes. Methods: From 2001 to 2010, worker audiograms were examined. Prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios for NSTS were estimated by industry. NSTS, OSTS, and OSTS-A prevalences were compared by industry. Results: Twenty percent of workers had an NSTS, 14% had an OSTS, and 6% had an OSTS-A. For most industries, the OSTS and OSTS-A criteria identified 28% to 36% and 66% to 74% fewer workers than the NSTS criteria, respectively. Conclusions: Use of NSTS criteria allowing for earlier detection of shifts in hearing is recommended for improved prevention of occupational hearing loss.
Keywords
Noise; Noise-exposure; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Sound; Hearing; Hearing-loss; Workers; Work-environment; Statistical-analysis; Auditory-system; Exposure-levels; Ototoxicity; Surveillance-programs; Hearing-impairment; Age-factors; Occupations; Audiological-testing; Hearing-acuity; Hearing-tests; Hearing-threshold; Industrial-exposures
Contact
Elizabeth A.Masterson, PhD, CPH, COHC, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS-R17, Cincinnati, OH 45226
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20140401
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
EMasterson@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M042014
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
1076-2752
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS; DART
Priority Area
Manufacturing
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
OH
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