Discrimination, harassment, abuse, and bullying in the workplace: contribution of workplace injustice to occupational health disparities.
Okechukwu-CA; Souza-K; Davis-KD; de Castro-AB
Am J Ind Med 2014 May; 57(5):573-586
Background: This paper synthesizes research on the contribution of workplace injustices to occupational health disparities. Methods: We conducted a broad review of research and other reports on the impact of workplace discrimination, harassment, and bullying on workers' health and on family and job outcomes. Results: Members of demographic minority groups are more likely to be victims of workplace injustice and suffer more adverse outcomes when exposed to workplace injustice compared to demographic majority groups. A growing body of research links workplace injustice to poor psychological and physical health, and a smaller body of evidence links workplace injustice to unhealthy behaviors. Although not as well studied, studies show that workplace injustice can influence workers' health through effects on workers' family life and job-related outcomes. Conclusion: Injustice is a key contributor to occupational health injustice and prospective studies with oversample of disadvantaged workers and refinement of methods for characterizing workplace injustices are needed.
Workers; Work-environment; Demographic-characteristics; Sociological-factors; Racial-factors; Physical-stress; Physiological-effects; Physiological-stress; Physiology; Psychological-effects; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-stress; Surveillance-programs; Psychology; Behavior; Force;
Author Keywords: workplace abuse; discrimination; health disparities; bullying; sexual harassment
CassandraOkechukwu, MSN,ScD, Department of Social andBehavioral Sciences,Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Kresge 722, Boston, MA 02115
American Journal of Industrial Medicine