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Occupational exposures in the oil and gas extraction industry: state of the science and research recommendations.

Authors
Witter-RZ; Tenney-L; Clark-S; Newman-LS
Source
Am J Ind Med 2014 Jul; 57(7):847-856
NIOSHTIC No.
20044003
Abstract
The oil and gas extraction industry is rapidly growing due to horizontal drilling and high volume hydraulic fracturing (HVHF). This growth has provided new jobs and economic stimulus. The industry occupational fatality rate is 2.5 times higher than the construction industry and 7 times higher than general industry; however injury rates are lower than the construction industry, suggesting injuries are not being reported. Some workers are exposed to crystalline silica at hazardous levels, above occupational health standards. Other hazards (particulate, benzene, noise, radiation) exist. In this article, we review occupational fatality and injury rate data; discuss research looking at root causes of fatal injuries and hazardous exposures; review interventions aimed at improving occupational health and safety; and discuss information gaps and areas of needed research. We also describe Wyoming efforts to improve occupational safety in this industry, as a case example
Keywords
Oil-industry; Gas-industry; Hydraulic-equipment; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Injuries; Quartz-dust; Silicates; Silica-dusts; Hazards; Particulates; Benzenes; Noise; Radiation; Traumatic-injuries; Mortality-surveys; Morbidity-rates; Author Keywords: occupational health; occupational safety; hydraulic fracturing; oil and gas industry; silica exposure
Contact
Roxana Z. Witter, MD, MSPH, MS, Colorado School of Public Health, 13199 E. Montview Ave, Suite 200, Aurora, CO 80045
CODEN
AJIMD8
CAS No.
14808-60-7; 71-43-2
Publication Date
20140701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
roxana.witter@ucdenver.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-009229; M032014
Issue of Publication
7
ISSN
0271-3586
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
CO; WY
Performing Organization
University of Colorado, Denver
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