Biological exposure index.
Encyclopedia of toxicology, second edition. Wexler P, Anderson BD, De Peyster A, Gad SC, eds. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 2005 Mar; :286-287
Human biological exposure indices are guidance levels of determinants for assessing worker dose from occupational exposures. They differ from other occupational exposure limits (OELs) for chemicals, which typically are measured in air, in that their determinants are measured in biological materials from the workers. BEIs consider the dose that has entered a worker's body by all routes. Thus, these measurements can provide more complete estimates of exposure, especially for chemicals that may be absorbed by routes other than inhalation and when inhalation rates are altered because, for example, of increased work rates.
Exposure-assessment; Biological-agents; Biomarkers; Humans; Exposure-levels; Occupational-exposure; Employee-exposure; Biological-material; Biological-monitoring; Industrial-exposures; Exposure-limits; Dose-response; Biochemical-indicators
Book or book chapter
Wexler-P; Anderson-BD; De Peyster-A; Gad-SC
Encyclopedia of toxicology, second edition