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Understanding safety climate in small automobile collision repair shops.

Authors
Parker-DL; Brosseau-LM; Bejan-A; Skan-M; Xi-M
Source
Am J Ind Med 2014 Jan; 57(1):78-86
NIOSHTIC No.
20043880
Abstract
BACKGROUND: In the United States, approximately 236,000 people work in 37,600 auto collision-repair businesses. Workers in the collision-repair industry may be exposed to a wide range of physical and chemical hazards. METHODS: This manuscript examines the relationship of safety climate as reported by collision repair shop workers and owners to: (1) an independent business safety assessment, and (2) employee self-reported work practices. The study was conducted in the Twin Cities metropolitan area. RESULTS: A total of 199 workers from 49 collision shops completed a survey of self-reported work practices and safety climate. Surveys were completed by an owner or manager in all but three shops. In general, self-reported work practices were poor. Workers' scores on safety climate were uniformly lower than those of owners. For workers, there was no correlation between how well the business scored on an independent audit of business safety practices and the safety climate measures they reported. For owners, however, there was a positive correlation between safety climate scores and the business safety assessment. For workers, safety rules and procedures were associated with improved work practices for those engaged in both painting-related and body technician-related activities. CONCLUSIONS: The enforcement of safety rules and procedures emerged as a strong factor positively affecting self-reported work practices. These findings identify a simple, cost effective path to reducing hazards in small workplaces.
Keywords
Small-businesses; Automobile-repair-shops; Automotive-industry; Safety-climate; Safety-education; Safety-practices; Workplace-studies; Occupational-hazards; Questionnaires; Industrial-education; Health-surveys; Exposure-assessment; Work-practices; Management-personnel; Employees; Author Keywords: small business; work practices; safety climate; auto collision repair
Contact
David L. Parker, MD, MPH, Department of Health Research, Park Nicollet Institute, 3800 Park Nicollet Blvd., Minneapolis, MN
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20140101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
parked@parknicollet.com
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-009086; M032014
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0271-3586
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
MN; IL
Performing Organization
Park Nicollet Institute, Minneapolis, Minnesota
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