Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Glutaraldehyde in New Jersey health care facilities.

Authors
Schill-D
Source
Occupational Health Surveillance Update 2001 Feb; :1,10-11
NIOSHTIC No.
20043670
Abstract
Glutaraldehyde is a chemical used extensively for the cold sterilization of medical, surgical, and dental equipment. It is used in health care facilities primarily for sterilizing endoscopy instruments, as well as respiratory therapy, ultrasound, and dialysis equipment. Glutaraldehyde is also used as a biocide in building cooling towers and air-conditioning units, as a tissue fixative in histochemistry and electron microscopy, and as a constituent of embalming fluids and X-ray developers. To be effective as a cold sterilant, glutaraldehyde must be activated by buffering it to an alkaline solution prior to use, typically at a concentration of 2%. Some of the sterilant products that contain glutaraldehyde include Cidex, Metricide, Wavicide, Procide, Omnicide, Sonacide, Aldesen, and Hospex. Glutaraldehyde is a strong irritant to the skin, eyes, and respiratory system. Contact with solution can cause skin sensitization, leading to allergic contact dermatitis. Vapor inhalation has been strongly implicated as a possible cause of occupational asthma. Glutaraldehyde can also aggravate pre-existing asthma and inflammatory or fibrotic lung disease.
Keywords
Chemical-composition; Chemical-properties; Biocides; Irritants; Skin-irritants; Dermatitis; Vapors; Inhalants; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Lung-disease; Lung-irritants; Lung; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors
CAS No.
111-30-8
Publication Date
20010201
Document Type
Newsletter
Email Address
dschill@doh.state.nj.us
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008338; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-208160
Source Name
Occupational Health Surveillance Update
State
NJ
Performing Organization
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services
TOP