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Asthma in New Jersey: update 2005.

Authors
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services (NJDHSS), Division of Family Health Services' Chronic Disease Prevention and Control Services; Division of Epidemiology, Environmental, and Occupational Health's Occupational Health Service
Source
Asthma in New Jersey: update 2005. Trenton, NJ: New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services (NJDHSS), 2005 Sep; :1-31
NIOSHTIC No.
20043669
Abstract
The 2005 Update of Asthma in New Jersey confirms that asthma continues to be a serious health problem in New Jersey. Highlights from Part I of the report describe a chronic condition that affects a large segment of our population, has a disproportionate impact on women, minorities, and the poor, and may result in hospitalization or death. 2. Approximately 11% of New Jersey adults have ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that they have asthma. 3. The estimated number of women with asthma is approximately double the estimated number of men with asthma. 4. About 9% of black non-Hispanics report currently having asthma as compared to almost 8% of Hispanics and almost 7% of white non-Hispanics. 5. Adults with a reported household income of less than $25,000 had a prevalence of asthma of nearly 10% compared to about 6% for other income groupings. 6. In 2003, there were almost 17,000 hospital discharges with asthma as the primary diagnosis. 7. Although death from asthma is relatively uncommon, from 2002 through 2003, black non- Hispanic New Jersey residents had an asthma mortality rate more than five times that of their white non-Hispanic counterparts. Work-related asthma is the most common work-related lung disease in New Jersey. Highlights from Part II of the report describe a preventable condition that affects a large segment of the New Jersey workforce. 8. Work-related asthma includes new-onset asthma and Reactive Airways Dysfunction Syndrome caused by exposures at work, as well as pre-existing asthma that is aggravated by workplace conditions. 9. NJBRFS data suggest that about 9% (37,673) of adult asthma cases in New Jersey are workrelated. 10. Only 425 cases of work-related asthma were identified since 1988, indicating that work-related asthma is under-reported. 11. A disproportionate number of blacks (41%) were identified with work-related asthma. 12. About 20% of identified cases of work-related asthma occurred in the non-industrial work environments of health services and educational services. 13. More than 50% of identified cases of work-related asthma occurred among occupations in managerial & professional, technical sales & administrative support, and service industries. 14. The agents most commonly associated with identified cases of work-related asthma are nonspecific chemicals, indoor air pollutants, dust, mold, formaldehyde, and diesel exhaust. Early recognition of asthma and its connection to the workplace is crucial in directing intervention efforts to reduce and eliminate exposure to asthma-causing agents.
Keywords
Bronchial-asthma; Respiratory-system-disorders; Respiratory-irritants; Respiration; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Public-health; Humans; Men; Women; Sociological-factors; Workers; Work-environment; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors
Publication Date
20050901
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008338; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-208160
Source Name
Asthma in New Jersey: update 2005
State
NJ
Performing Organization
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services
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