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Notes from the field: acute illness associated with use of pest strips -- seven U.S. states and Canada, 2000--2013.

Authors
Tsai-RJ; Sievert-J; Prado-J; Incident Reporting Program; Buhl-K; Stone-DL; Forrester-M; Higgins-S; Mitchell-Y; Schwartz-A; Calvert-GM
Source
MMWR 2014 Jan; 63(2):42-43
NIOSHTIC No.
20043606
Abstract
Dichlorvos-impregnated resin strips (DDVP pest strips) are among the few organophosphate products still available for indoor residential use. The residential uses for most other organophosphate products, including most DDVP products, were canceled because they posed unreasonable risks to children (1). DDVP pest strips act by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase activity in the brain and nerves of insect pests and are designed to gradually release DDVP vapor for up to 4 months (2,3). Acute illnesses in humans associated with nonlethal acute exposures usually resolve completely, but recovery is not always rapid (2). To assess the frequency of acute illnesses associated with DDVP pest strips, cases from 2000 through June 2013 were sought from the 12 states that participate in the Sentinel Event Notification System for Occupational Risks (SENSOR)-Pesticides Program, the National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC), and Health Canada.* A total of 31 acute DDVP pest strip-related illness cases were identified in seven U.S. states and Canada. The majority of these illnesses resulted from use of the product in commonly occupied living areas (e.g., kitchens and bedrooms), in violation of label directions. Although 26 of the 31 cases involved mild health effects of short duration, five persons had moderate health effects. Illnesses caused by excess exposure to DDVP pest strips can be reduced by educating the public about the proper usage of DDVP pest strips and with improvements in label directions.
Keywords
Pesticides; Pesticide-strips; Pest-control; Resins; Risk-factors; Children; Acetylcholinesterase; Organo-phosphorus-pesticides; Phosphates; Health-programs; Pest-control; Case-studies; Warning-signs; Biological-effects; Surveillance-programs
CODEN
MMWRB6
CAS No.
62-73-7
Publication Date
20140117
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
rtsai@cdc.gov
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008473; M012014
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0892-3787
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
State
TX; OH; WA; NC; NY; MI
Performing Organization
Texas Department of State Health Services
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