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Job control, psychological demand, and farmworker health: evidence from the National Agricultural Workers Survey.

Authors
Grzywacz-JG; Alterman-T; Gabbard-S; Shen-R; Nakamoto-J; Carroll-DJ; Muntaner-C
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2014 Jan; 56(1):66-71
NIOSHTIC No.
20043575
Abstract
Objective: Improve understanding of the potential occupational health impact of how agricultural jobs are organized. Exposure to low job control, high psychological demands, and high job strain were hypothesized to have greater risk for poor self-rated physical health and elevated depressive symptoms. Methods: Cross-sectional data (N = 3691) obtained using the Work Organization and Psychosocial Factors module of the US National Agricultural Workers Survey fielded in 2009-2010. Results: More than one fifth (22.4%) of farmworkers reported fair/poor health, and 8.7% reported elevated depressive symptoms. High psychological demand was associated with increased risk of fair/poor health (odds ratio, 1.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.4 to 2.2) and elevated depressive symptoms (odds ratio, 2.6; 95% confidence interval, 1.9 to 3.8). Conclusions: The organization of work in field agriculture may pose risks for poor occupational health outcomes among a vulnerable worker population.
Keywords
Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Farmers; Job-analysis; Job-stress; Work-organization; Psychological-effects; Worker-health; Health-surveys; Mental-health; Analytical-models; Analytical-processes; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Surveillance-programs
Contact
Joseph G. Grzywacz, PhD, Department of Human Development and Family Science, Oklahoma State University, 700 N Greenwood Ave, Main Hall #2120, Tulsa, OK 74106
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20140101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
joseph.grzywacz@okstate.edu
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M012014
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1076-2752
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
OK; OH; CA; DC
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