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The trend odds model for ordinal data.

Authors
Capuano-AW; Dawson-JD
Source
Stat Med 2013 Jun; 32(13):2250-2261
NIOSHTIC No.
20043557
Abstract
Ordinal data appear in a wide variety of scientific fields. These data are often analyzed using ordinal logistic regression models that assume proportional odds. When this assumption is not met, it may be possible to capture the lack of proportionality using a constrained structural relationship between the odds and the cut-points of the ordinal values. We consider a trend odds version of this constrained model, wherein the odds parameter increases or decreases in a monotonic manner across the cut-points. We demonstrate algebraically and graphically how this model is related to latent logistic, normal, and exponential distributions. In particular, we find that scale changes in these potential latent distributions are consistent with the trend odds assumption, with the logistic and exponential distributions having odds that increase in a linear or nearly linear fashion. We show how to fit this model using SAS Proc NLMIXED and perform simulations under proportional odds and trend odds processes. We find that the added complexity of the trend odds model gives improved power over the proportional odds model when there are moderate to severe departures from proportionality. A hypothetical data set is used to illustrate the interpretation of the trend odds model, and we apply this model to a swine influenza example wherein the proportional odds assumption appears to be violated.
Keywords
Analytical-processes; Models; Statistical-analysis; Mathematical-models; Author Keywords: non-proportional odds; constrained cumulative odds; influenza; latent distributions; logistic distribution
Contact
Ana W. Capuano, 600 South Paulina, Suite 1023B, Chicago, IL, 60612
CODEN
SMEDDA
Publication Date
20130615
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
ana_capuano@rush.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008491
Issue of Publication
13
ISSN
0277-6715
Source Name
Statistics in Medicine
State
IA; IL
Performing Organization
University of Iowa
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