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Influence of analysis methods on interpretation of hazard maps.

Authors
Koehler-KA; Peters-TM
Source
Ann Occup Hyg 2013 Jun; 57(5):558-570
NIOSHTIC No.
20043548
Abstract
Exposure or hazard mapping is becoming increasingly popular among industrial hygienists. Direct-reading instruments used for hazard mapping of data collection are steadily increasing in reliability and portability while decreasing in cost. Exposure measurements made with these instruments generally require no laboratory analysis although hazard mapping can be a time-consuming process. To inform decision making by industrial hygienists and management, it is crucial that the maps generated from mapping data are as accurate and representative as possible. Currently, it is unclear how many sampling locations are necessary to produce a representative hazard map. As such, researchers typically collect as many points as can be sampled in several hours and interpolation methods are used to produce higher resolution maps. We have reanalyzed hazard-mapping data sets from three industrial settings to determine which interpolation methods yield the most accurate results. The goal is to provide practicing industrial hygienists with some practical guidelines to generate accurate hazard maps with 'off-the-shelf' mapping software. Visually verifying the fit of the variogram model is crucial for accurate interpolation. Exponential and spherical variogram models performed better than Gaussian models. It was also necessary to diverge from some of the default interpolation parameters such as the number of bins used for the experimental variogram and whether or not to allow for a nugget effect to achieve reasonable accuracy of the interpolation for some data sets.
Keywords
Exposure-levels; Hazards; Industrial-hygienists; Measurement-equipment; Sampling; Models; Monitoring-systems; Statistical-analysis; Author Keywords: exposure mapping; hazard mapping; interpolation; kriging
Contact
Kirsten A. Koehler, Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA 80523
CODEN
AOHYA3
Publication Date
20130601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Kirsten.Koehler@ColoState.EDU
Funding Type
Grant; Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-K01-OH-009886; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U50-OH-007548; M122013
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0003-4878
Source Name
Annals of Occupational Hygiene
State
CO; IA
Performing Organization
Colorado State University
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